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On 24 December 2009, a female New Hampshire resident was confirmed to have gastrointestinal anthrax on the basis of clinical findings and laboratory testing. Her source of anthrax was not immediately known, so the New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, in conjunction with several... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The use of syndromic surveillance systems to detect illness and outbreaks in the mid 1990s in New York City resulted in recommendations for increased use of these systems for detection of bioterrorist agents, and tracking influenza throughout the region. Discussions on approaches to best respond... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The novel strain of H1N1 Influenza A virus, which first caused localized outbreaks in parts of Mexico, was declared a pandemic in June 2009. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Countermeasure and Response Administration System (CRA) was used to track the H1N1 vaccine uptake... Read more

Content type: Abstract

From January to March 2010, thirteen outbreaks of Norovirus infection were reported to the Epidemiology, Disease Control and Immunization Service (EDC-IS), up from four outbreaks in the entire 2008 and same number during 2009. Individual cases of Norovirus are not reportable in the State of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Hospital discharge data received by public health agencies has a reporting lag time of greater than six months. This data is often used retrospectively to conduct surveillance to assess severity of illness and outcome, and for evaluating performance of public health surveillance systems. 

... Read more
Content type: Abstract

Biosurveillance systems commonly use emergency department (ED) patient chief complaint data (CC) for surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI). Daily volumes are tracked using a computerized patient CC classifier for fever (CC Fever) to identify febrile patients. Limitations in this method... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Quantifying the spatial-temporal diffusion of diseases such as seasonal influenza is difficult at the urban scale for a variety of reasons including the low specificity of the extant data, the heterogenous nature of healthcare seeking behavior and the speed with which diseases spread throughout ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Objective

The National Biosurveillance Integration System (NBIS) is a consortium of federal agencies, whose joint objective is to enhance the identification, location, characterization, and tracking of biological events potentially impacting homeland security. Together, the consortium... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Mandatory notification to public health of priority communicable diseases (CDs) is a cornerstone of disease prevention and control programs. Increasingly, the addresses of CD cases are used for spatial monitoring and cluster detection and public health may direct interventions based on the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Current influenza-like illness (ILI) monitoring in Idaho is based on syndromic surveillance using laboratory data, combined with periodic person-to-person reports collected by Idaho state workers. This system relies on voluntary reporting.

Electronic medical records offer a method of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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