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Quantifying the spatial-temporal diffusion of diseases such as seasonal influenza is difficult at the urban scale for a variety of reasons including the low specificity of the extant data, the heterogenous nature of healthcare seeking behavior and the speed with which diseases spread throughout ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Objective

The National Biosurveillance Integration System (NBIS) is a consortium of federal agencies, whose joint objective is to enhance the identification, location, characterization, and tracking of biological events potentially impacting homeland security. Together, the consortium... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Mandatory notification to public health of priority communicable diseases (CDs) is a cornerstone of disease prevention and control programs. Increasingly, the addresses of CD cases are used for spatial monitoring and cluster detection and public health may direct interventions based on the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Current influenza-like illness (ILI) monitoring in Idaho is based on syndromic surveillance using laboratory data, combined with periodic person-to-person reports collected by Idaho state workers. This system relies on voluntary reporting.

Electronic medical records offer a method of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Duval County Health Department (DCHD) serves a community of over one million people in Jacksonville, FL, USA. Each year, DCHD Epidemiology Program reports an average of 1133 (4-year average) notifiable diseases and conditions (NDC) with the exception of STD/HIV, TB, and viral hepatitis.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) obtains electronic data from 153 Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers plus outpatient clinics in all 50 states, American Samoa, Guam, Philippines, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands. Currently... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Sequence-informed surveillance is now recognized as an important extension to the monitoring of rapidly evolving pathogens [2]. This includes phylogeography, a field that studies the geographical lineages of species including viruses [3] by using sequence data (and relevant metadata such as... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Little was known about the maternal and fetal/infant effects of Zika infection before the 2015 outbreak in the Americas, which made it challenging for public health practitioners and clinicians to care for pregnant women and infants exposed to Zika. In 2016, CDC implemented a rapid surveillance... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The National Syndromic Surveillance Program's (NSSP) instance of ESSENCE* in the BioSense Platform generates about 35,000 statistical alerts each week. Local ESSENCE instances can generate as many as 5,000 statistical alerts each week. While some states have well-coordinated processes for... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The main reservoir of intestinal viruses in the environment is human feces and contaminated wastewater. Sewage contamination preconditions further contamination of surface water serving as a source of water supply [2,7,8]. High resistance to physical and biological exposures ensures long-term... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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