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The HEDSS system was implemented in 2004 to monitor disease activity.1 In all, 18 of 32 emergency departments (ED) and urgent care clinic provide data. Chief complaints are routinely categorized into eight syndromes. The fever/flu syndrome is used for early detection and monitoring of influenza... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Unfortunately, confirmation and notification of all A/H1N1 (2009) patients in Japan was ceased on 24 July when the cumulative number of patients was about 5000. After that, as all suspected patients are not necessarily confirmed or reported, the only official surveillance was the sentinel... Read more

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Many studies evaluate the timeliness and accuracy of outbreak detection algorithms used in syndromic surveillance. Of greater interest, however, is defining the outcome associated with improved detection. In case of a waterborne cryptosporidiosis outbreak, public health interventions are aimed... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Real-time emergency department (ED) data from the BioSense surveillance program for ILI visits and ILI admissions provide valuable insight into disease severity that bridges gaps in traditional influenza surveillance systems that monitor ILI in outpatient settings and laboratory-confirmed... Read more

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Cryptosporidiosis is a gastrointestinal illness due to a protozoan parasite that is highly contagious, and resistant to multiple disinfectants. Utah experienced a large, community-wide outbreak of cryptosporidiosis between June and December of 2007. During this time period, the Utah Department... Read more

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Epidemiological information realized by modern disease surveillance systems offers great potential for supporting clinical decision-making. Providing health practitioners with population-based, pathogen-specific information about regional communicable infectious disease epidemiology can engender... Read more

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MRSA, which had been known primarily as a cause of healthcare-associated infections, increasingly has been recognized as a cause of skin infections among persons of all ages who have little or no contact with healthcare settings. Such infections are the most common cause of skin and soft-tissue... Read more

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Medically unexplained syndromes (MUS) are conditions that are diagnosed on the basis of symptom constellations and are characterized by a lack of well-defined pathogenic pathways. The three most common MUS are chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, and fibromyalgia. Different types... Read more

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Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease, and there is considerable evidence that case numbers are rising and geographical distribution of the disease is widening within the United States, and around the world. 

The accuracy and reporting frequency of dengue morbidity and mortality... Read more

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the BioSense program in 2003 to establish an integrated system of nationwide public health surveillance for the early detection and assessment of potential bioterrorism-related illness. Over the ensuing years, the original aims of... Read more

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