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In order to detect influenza outbreaks, the New York State Department of Health emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance system uses patients’ chief complaint (CC) to assign visits to respiratory and fever syndromes. Recently, the CDC developed a more specific set of “sub-syndromes” ... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The CDC recently developed sub-syndromes for classifying disease to enhance syndromic surveillance of natural outbreaks and bioterrorism. They have developed ICD9 classifiers for six GI Illness subsyndromes: Abdominal Pain, Nausea and Vomiting, Diarrhea, Anorexia, Intestinal infections, and Food... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Biosurveillance systems commonly use emergency department (ED) patient chief complaint data (CC) for surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI). Daily volumes are tracked using a computerized patient CC classifier for fever (CC Fever) to identify febrile patients. Limitations in this method... Read more

Content type: Abstract

 

Syndromic surveillance of emergency department(ED) visit data is often based on computerized classifiers which assign patient chief complaints (CC) tosyndromes. These classifiers may need to be updatedperiodically to account for changes over time in the way the CC is recorded or because... Read more

Content type: Abstract

One limitation of syndromic surveillance systems based on emergency department (ED) data is the time and expense to investigate peak signals, especially when that involves phone calls or visits to the hospital. Many EDs use electronic medical records (EMRs) which are available remotely in real... Read more

Content type: Abstract

A number of different methods are currently used to classify patients into syndromic groups based on the patient’s chief complaint (CC). We previously reported results using an “Ngram” text processing program for building classifiers (adapted from business research technology at AT&T Labs).... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Ideal anomaly detection algorithms should detect both sudden and gradual changes, while keeping the background false positive alert rate at a tolerable level. Further, the algorithm needs to perform well when the need is to detect small outbreaks in low-incidence diseases. For example, when... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention BioSense project has developed chief complaint (CC) and ICD9 sub-syndrome classifiers for the major syndromes for early event detection and situational awareness. This has the potential to expand the usefulness of syndromic surveillance, but little... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Previously we developed an “Ngram” classifier for syndromic surveillance of emergency department (ED) chief complaints (CC) in Turkish for bioterrorism. The classifier is developed from a set of ED visits for which both the ICD diagnosis code and CC are available. A computer program calculates... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Previously we used an “N-Gram” classifier for syndromic surveillance of emergency department (ED) chief complaints (CC) in English for bioterrorism. The classifier is trained on a set of ED visits for which both the ICD diagnosis code and CC are available by measuring the associations of text... Read more

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