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Syndromic surveillance has been widely adopted as a real-time monitoring tool in early response to disease outbreaks. In order to provide real-time information on the impact of 2009 H1N1 during the Fall 2009 semester, Georgetown University (GU) and George Washington University (GWU) employed... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In November 2006, Ohioans supported a statute that set into law a requirement that all public places, and places of employment in Ohio prohibit smoking.1 The law took effect in December 2006; however, the rules for implementation were not finalized until June 2007. The primary purpose of the law... Read more

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The Duval County Health Department (DCHD) serves a community of over one million people in Jacksonville, FL, USA. Each year, DCHD Epidemiology Program reports an average of 1133 (4-year average) notifiable diseases and conditions (NDC) with the exception of STD/HIV, TB, and viral hepatitis.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

State and local jurisdictions have been exploring the use of SyS data to monitor suspected drug overdose outbreaks in their communities. With the increasing awareness and use of SyS systems, staff from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) worked to develop several queries that... Read more

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After MERS outbreak in 2015, the provincial government and infectious disease control center (GIDCC) initiated an emergency department (ED) based Gyeonggi-do provincial acute febrile illness (AFI) surveillance network (GAFINet) to monitor for a subsequent outbreak of emerging or imported... Read more

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Timely and accurate measurement of overdose morbidity using emergency department (ED) data is necessary to inform an effective public health response given the dynamic nature of opioid overdose epidemic in the United States. However, from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, differing sources and types... Read more

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It has been postulated that school absenteeism, a non-traditional surveillance data source, may allow for early detection of disease outbreaks, particularly among school-aged children who may not seek emergency medical attention. Although a New York City-based study showed moderate utility of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Distribute project began in 2006 as a distributed, syndromic surveillance demonstration project that networked state and local health departments to share aggregate emergency department-based influenza-like illness (ILI) syndrome data. Preliminary work found that local systems often applied... Read more

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Nationally, vaccine safety is monitored through several systems including Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a passive reporting system designed to detect potential vaccine safety concerns. Healthcare providers are encouraged to report adverse events after vaccination to VAERS,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Seasonal influenza epidemics are responsible for over 200,000 hospitalizations in the United States per year, and 39,000 of them are in children. In the United States, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices guides immunization practices, including influenza vaccination, with... Read more

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