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Neill’s fast subset scan2 detects significant spatial patterns of disease by efficiently maximizing a log-likelihood ratio statistic over subsets of locations, but may result in patterns that are not spatially compact. The penalized fast subset scan (PFSS)3 provides a flexible framework for... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Rabies is a zoonotic disease caused by an RNA virus from the family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus. Worldwide distributed, control of rabies has been considered to be particularly amenable to a “One Health” strategy (1). In Chile, rabies was considered endemic in domestic dog population until... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood illness and the drivers of HFMD incidence are still not clear [1]. In mainland China, continuing and increasing HFMD epidemics have been recorded since 2008, causing millions of infections and hundreds of deaths annually. In Beijing, 28,667... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The re-emergence of an infectious disease is dependent on social, political, behavioral, and disease-specific factors. Global disease surveillance is a requisite of early detection that facilitates coordinated interventions to these events. Novel informatics tools developed from publicly... Read more

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Technology that combines traditional manipulations with databases and complete visualization of geographic (spatial) analysis employing maps has been developed in order to explore the possibilities for Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to be used in sanitary and epidemiological surveillance... Read more

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In the United States, surveillance of vaccine uptake for childhood infections is limited in scope and spatial resolution. The National Immunization Survey (NIS) - the gold standard tool for monitoring vaccine uptake among children aged 19-35 months - is typically constrained to producing coarse... Read more

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To develop a spatially accurate biosurveillance synthetic data generator for the testing, evaluation, and comparison of new outbreak detection techniques.

Content type: Abstract

Coccidioidomycosis, commonly referred to as Valley Fever, is caused by the soil-borne saprophytic fungus C. immitis and posadasii. These species have historically been found in the desert southwest and Mexico; however, in 2010 there were three coccidioidomycosis cases identified in central... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Zika virus was declared an international public health emergency by the World Health Organization on February 1, 2016. With Georgia hosting the world’s busiest international airport and a sub- tropical climate that can support the primary Zika virus vector, Aedes aegypti, and secondary vector,... Read more

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Most surveillance methods in the literature focus on temporal aberration detections with data aggregated to certain geographical boundaries. SaTScan has been widely used for spatiotemporal aberration detection due to its user friendly software interface. However, the software is limited to... Read more

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