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After the SARS outbreak in 2003, Beijing established Fever Clinics in major hospitals for the early detection of potential respiratory disease outbreaks. The data collection in Fever Clinics contains the basic patient information, body temperature, cough, and breath condition, as well as a... Read more

Content type: Abstract

One of the standard approaches to public health surveillance for influenza is to monitor the percent of visits to about 2000 sentinel physicians for influenza-like illness (%ILI; fever plus cough or sore throat). The BioSense System currently receives (among other data) ICD-9 discharge diagnoses... Read more

Content type: Abstract

National surveillance is used to detect the emergence and spread of influenza virus variants and to monitor influenza-related morbidity and mortality. Nurse telephone triage (“call”) data may serve as a useful complement to traditional influenza surveillance, especially at times or in places... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In 2004, the BioDefend (BD) syndromic surveillance (SS) system was implemented in Duval County hospitals (Jacksonville, FL). Daily emergency department chief complaints are manually classified and entered into the BD system by triage personnel. As part of a statewide implementation, the... Read more

Content type: Abstract

A comprehensive electronic medical record (EMR) represents a rich source of information that can be harnessed for epidemic surveillance. At this time, however, we do not know how EMR-based data elements should be combined to improve the performance of surveillance systems. In a manual EMR review... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Current syndromic surveillance systems run multiple simultaneous univariate procedures, each focused on detecting an outbreak in a single data stream. Multivariate procedures have the potential to better detect some types of outbreaks, but most of the existing methods are directionally invariant... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Existing statistical methods can perform well in detecting simulated bioterrorism events. However, these methods have not been well-evaluated for detection of the type of respiratory and gastrointestinal events of greatest interest for routine public health practice. To assess whether a... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) currently applies EARS’s CuSum analyses to Medicaid Over the Counter and Prescription Medications data obtained from the Office of Medicaid Management's data warehouse. Daily drug category counts are compared with counts for a 7-day baseline... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Bioterrorism surveillance is an integral component of DCHD’s Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan. This study was a collaborative effort between Duval County Health Department, University of South Florida’s Center for Biological Defense (CBD), and DataSphere, LLC. DCHD’s role in the project... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (GABHS) has caused outbreaks in recruit training environments, where it leads to significant morbidity and, on occasion, has been linked to deaths. Streptococcal surveillance has long been a part of military recruit public health activities. All Navy and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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