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Identifying, solving, and stopping foodborne outbreaks in the U.S. requires the collaboration and coordination of multiple federal agencies and centers as well as state and local authorities. FDA’s Coordinated Outbreak Response and Evaluation (CORE) Network is responsible for outbreak... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) uses the National Poison Data System (NPDS) to conduct surveillance of calls to United States PCs. PCs provide triage and treatment advice for hazardous exposures through a free national hotline. Information on demographics, health effects,... Read more

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Since the majority of emerging infectious diseases over the past several decades have been zoonotic, animal health surveillance is now recognized as a key element in predicting public health risks. Surveillance of animal populations can provide important early warnings of emerging threats to... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The first travel-associated cases of Zika virus infection in New York City (NYC) were identified in January 2016. Local transmission of Zika virus from imported cases is possible due to presence of Aedes albopictus mosquitos. Timely detection of local Zika virus transmission could inform public... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Drug overdoses are an increasingly serious problem in the United States and worldwide. The CDC estimates that 47,055 drug overdose deaths occurred in the United States in 2014, 61% of which involved opioids (including heroin, pain relievers such as oxycodone, and synthetics).1 Overdose deaths... Read more

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The Biosurveillance Ecosystem (BSVE) is a biological and chemical threat surveillance system sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). BSVE is intended to be user-friendly, multi-agency, cooperative, modular and threat agnostic platform for biosurveillance [2]. In BSVE, a web-... Read more

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The Bureau of Communicable Disease (BCD) at the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene performs daily automated analyses using SaTScan to detect spatio-temporal clusters for 37 reportable diseases. Initially, we analyzed one address per patient, prioritizing home address if available. On... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Neill’s fast subset scan2 detects significant spatial patterns of disease by efficiently maximizing a log-likelihood ratio statistic over subsets of locations, but may result in patterns that are not spatially compact. The penalized fast subset scan (PFSS)3 provides a flexible framework for... Read more

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Shootings with multiple victims are a concern for public safety and public health. The precise impact of such events and the trends associated with them is dependent on which events are counted. Some reports only consider events with multiple deaths, typically four or more, while other reports... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Mass gatherings can result in morbidity and mortality from communicable and non-communicable diseases, injury, and bioterrorism. Therefore, it is important to identify event-related visits as opposed to community-related visits when conducting public health surveillance. Previous mass gatherings... Read more

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