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Since the emergence of avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in 2013, extensive surveillances have been established to monitor the human infection and environmental contamination with avian influenza virus in southern China. At the end of 2015, human infection with influenza A(H5N6) virus was identified... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Clostridium difficile (CD), a gram-negative, anaerobic, sporeforming bacterium causes symptoms ranging from mild to severe diarrhea and may result in death. Approximately 75% of CDI cases have symptom onset outside of health care settings. Annual US costs of treatment and infection containment... Read more

Content type: Abstract

As the lead for coordinating domestic incident management across all Federal departments and agencies, Department of Homeland Security is responsible for identifying emergency response resources. The 2014 Ebola – Zaire outbreak in West Africa that became a Public Health Emergency of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) in 2012 had placed a great concern on the public health institutions globally and in particular in the Arab region. The gaps in knowledge related to the novel virus put the healthcare systems in Qatar and the entire... Read more

Content type: Case Study

Dengue is a major cause of morbidity in Thailand. Annual outbreaks of varying sizes provide a particular challenge to the public health system because treatment of severe cases requires significant resources. Advanced warning of increases in incidence could help public health authorities... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Syndromic surveillance system, which collects non-specific syndromes in the early stages of disease development, has great advantages in promoting early detection of epidemics and reducing the burden of disease confirmation. It is especially effective for surveillance in resource-poor settings,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

This poster describes the practical integration of Early Event Detection (EED) into the daily operation of a medium sized public health department to improve surveillance for, and response to, outbreaks of communicable disease.

Content type: Abstract

Data obtained through public health surveillance systems are used to detect and locate clusters of cases of diseases in space-time, which may indicate the occurrence of an outbreak or an epidemic. We present a methodology based on adaptive likelihood ratios to compare the null hypothesis (no... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Monitoring of long-term infectious disease mortality trends is of great value to national public health systems both in estimation of the efficacy of preventive programs, and in development of the new strategies of preventive measures. In the developed countries, there are a number of studies... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In September, 2015, Nigeria was delisted from the list of polio endemic countries globally. To be certified polio free, the country must attain and maintain certification standard Acute Flaccid Paralysis(AFP) surveillance for additional two-years. In Oyo State, no case of Wild Polio Virus (WPV)... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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