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Click on a topic under the Key Topic Areas section in the left column, then select a resource  from the list of resources that appear for that topic. You may also search for specific topics by entering one or more keywords in the Search bar. You can filter the search results by Content Type, Year, or Author Name.


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All positive laboratory tests of reportable conditions on persons residing in New York State (NYS) are mandated to be sent to the NYS Department of Health (NYSDOH) via ECLRS. NYS, excluding New York City (NYC), receives over 100,000 ECLRS messages on general communicable diseases (CD) and... Read more

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Major global stakeholder groups including the United Nations, World Health Organization and Institute of Medicine seek to raise awareness of the threat to global health and security of chronic and non-communicable diseases. These conditions comprise 50-85% of the global annual morbidity burden... Read more

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Previous studies have documented significant lags in official reporting of outbreaks compared to unofficial reporting (1,2). MoH+ provides an additional tool to analyze this issue, with the unique advantage of actively gathering a wide range of streamlined official communication, including... Read more

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In Rwanda, communicable diseases represent about 90% of all reported medical consultations in health centers. The country has often faced epidemics including emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. To enhance its preparedness to identify and respond to outbreaks and prevent epidemics, the... Read more

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The rise and associated risks of using the internet to find sexual partners among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been noted by many researchers.1,2 The anonymity and relative ease of finding partners on the internet has facilitated casual sexual encounters that can encompass a variety of... Read more

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Historically, patients with TB have often been diagnosed late or after death. This delay in diagnosis often occurs because TB is misdiagnosed as an alternative respiratory illness (RI), such as pneumonia . TB infected patients that are not correctly diagnosed when initial symptoms occur may... Read more

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The international Society for Disease Surveillance has successfully brought together practitioners and researchers to share tools, ideas, and strategies to strengthen health surveillance systems. The Society has evolved from an initial focus on syndromic surveillance to a broader consideration... Read more

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Los Alamos National Laboratory has been funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency to determine the relevance of data streams for an integrated global biosurveillance system. We used a novel method of evaluating the effectiveness of data streams called the “surveillance window”. The concept... Read more

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Tanzania has a disease surveillance infrastructure with national, regional and district offices for human and animal disease surveillance. Electricity shortages and limited communications infrastructure create a challenge for a rapid information exchange of the disease surveillance information.... Read more

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The occurrence of global polio is at its lowest level, yet the goal of eradication remains elusive with the ongoing circulation in the three remaining endemic countries. Developed countries have a low index of suspicion for polio – relying on astute clinicians to detect imported cases and high... Read more

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