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In 2015, the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) responded to a large HIV outbreak among persons who inject drugs (PWID) in Scott County. Information to manage the public health response to this event and its aftermath included data from multiple sources such as surveillance, HIV testing,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The Vietnam National HSS was established in 1994. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, when the epidemic was increasing rapidly, the HSS helped with the intensive close monitoring of the HIV epidemic. In its first 10 years, the HSS was rapidly expanded from 6 to 40 provinces and in some years, it... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Ministries of Health in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) are making or trying to make public health decisions for infectious disease conditions like HIV using data garnered from sentinel events and disease tracking in the community. The process of gathering and aggregating data for these... Read more

Content type: Abstract

HIV and AIDS is not a new problem to global community and human civilization. Though much efforts had been taken yet its devastating effects can be seen in many areas like human productivity, public health, human rights etc. Nepal is experiencing a concentrated epidemic of HIV with prevalence at... Read more

Content type: Abstract

HIV testing remains the mainstay of optimal HIV care and is pivotal to control and prevention of the disease, however efforts to attain optimal testing levels have been undermined by low HIV testing especially in developing countries. Botswana in response, amended its Public Health Act in... Read more

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HIV surveillance in Vietnam is comprised of different surveillance systems including the HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS). The HSS is an annual, multi-site survey to monitor HIV sero-prevalence and risk behaviors among key populations. In 2015, the Vietnam Administration on HIV/AIDS Control (VAAC... Read more

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Knowledge of one’s HIV serostatus helps improve quality of life for those who test positive and decreases the risk of HIV transmission. WHO recommends that all participants in HIV prevalence surveys be provided access to their test results, especially those who test HIV positive. Anonymous... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal disease caused by microscopic parasite Cryptosporidium. Modes of transmission include eating undercooked food contaminated with the parasite, swallowing something that has come into contact with human or animal feces, or swallowing pool water contaminated with... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Vietnam initiated the HSS system in 1994 in selected provinces with high HIV burden. The surveillance has two components: monitor HIV sero-prevalence and risk behaviors among key population including PWID. However, no VL data were collected among HIV infected people. In 2016, Vietnam piloted an... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In 2015, ISDH responded to an HIV outbreak among persons using injection drugs in Scott County [1]. Information to manage the public health response to this event and aftermath included data from multiple sources (e.g., HIV testing, surveillance, contact tracing, medical care, and HIV prevention... Read more

Content type: Abstract

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