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Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) is a strategy conceived and adopted by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa in 1998. The goal of IDSR is to support PHSS in Africa and enhance efficiency and communication across all levels of the national public health... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The international Society for Disease Surveillance has successfully brought together practitioners and researchers to share tools, ideas, and strategies to strengthen health surveillance systems. The Society has evolved from an initial focus on syndromic surveillance to a broader consideration... Read more

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In 2003, with the advent of SARS, the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) released a document mandating the use of a clinical screening tool to detect patients at high risk for having a febrile respiratory illness (FRI), defined as a temperature of > 38ºC and a new or... Read more

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Livestock diseases in most developing countries are often widely distributed. The wide distribution of diseases often renders whole countries ineligible to participate in international trade of meat and meat products. These trade restrictions serve as a continuous primary source of revenue loss... Read more

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Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by group A streptococcus (GAS). The clinical symptoms are usually mild. Before October, 2007, case-based surveillance of scarlet fever was conducted through notifiable infectious diseases in Taiwan, but was removed later from the list of notifiable... Read more

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To evaluate the added value of a syndromic surveillance system in detecting a large severe respiratory disease outbreak with a point-source we used the Legionnaires' disease (LD) outbreak of 1999 in the Netherlands as a case-study. We retrospectively simulated a prospective syndromic... Read more

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Existing EVD surveillance strategies in Sierra Leone use a centralized live alert system to refer suspect cases from the community to Ebola treatment centers. As EVD case burden declined in Port Loko District, so did the number of reported alerts. As EVD presents similarly to malaria, the number... Read more

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Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC) disproportionately bear the high burden of injuries, with 90% of all deaths due to injury occurring in these countries. In India, data on pre-hospital care of the injured is either absent or incomplete. The Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety... Read more

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Absenteeism has great advantages in promoting the early detection of epidemics1. Since August 2011, an integrated syndromic surveillance project (ISSC) has been implemented in China2. Distribution of the absenteeism generally are asymmetry, zero inflation, truncation and non-independence3. For... Read more

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In Rwanda, communicable diseases are the mostly predominant representing 90% of all reported medical consultations in health centers. The country has often faced epidemics including emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. To enhance its preparedness to identify and respond to outbreaks and... Read more

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