Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

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The success of public health campaigns in decreasing or eliminating the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases can be undermined by media content influencing vaccine hesitancy in the population. A tool for tracking and describing the ever-growing platforms for such media content can help decide... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) has reemerged as a global health epidemic in recent years. Although several researchers have examined the use of space-time surveillance to detect TB clusters, they have not used genetic information to verify that detected clusters are due to person-to-person transmission.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Obesity and related chronic diseases cost Canadians several billion dollars annually. Dietary intake, and in particular consumption of carbonated sweetened drinks (soda), has a strong effect on the incidence of obesity and other illness. Marketing research suggests that in-store promotion, and... Read more

Content type: Abstract

While there has been some work to evaluate different data sources for syndromic surveillance of influenza, no one has yet assessed the utility of simultaneously restricting data to specific visit settings and patient age-groups using data drawn from a single source population. Furthermore, most... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In Canada, the economic impact of unhealthy eating is estimated at $6.3 billion annually and in the US the estimated cost is $87 billion. Despite the critical need to identify effective diet-related interventions through empirical evaluation, public health practitioners and researchers lack... Read more

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There is a clear need for improved surveillance of chronic diseases to guide public health practice and policy. Chronic disease surveillance has tended to use administrative data, due to the need to link encounters for an individual over time and to have complete capture of all encounters. Case-... Read more

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The catchment area of a health-care facility is used to assess health service utilization and calculate population-based rates of disease. Current approaches for catchment definition have significant limitations such as being based solely on distance from the facility or using an arbitrary... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Work on vaccination timing and promotion largely precedes the 2009 pandemic. Post-pandemic studies examining the wide range of local vaccination efforts mostly have been limited to surveys assessing the role of administrative strategies, logistical challenges, and perceived deterrents of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Real-time monitoring and analysis of vaccine concerns over time and location could help immunisation programmes to tailor more effective and timely strategies to address specific public health concerns. In recent years attempts [1, 2] are being made to develop a more systematic monitoring of... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In 2010, as rules for the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Electronic Heatlh Record (EHR) Incentive Programs (Meaningful Use)(1), were finalized, ISDS became aware of a trend towards new EHR systems capturing or sending emergency department (ED) chief complaint (CC) data as structured variables... Read more

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