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Existing statistical methods can perform well in detecting simulated bioterrorism events. However, these methods have not been well-evaluated for detection of the type of respiratory and gastrointestinal events of greatest interest for routine public health practice. To assess whether a... Read more

Content type: Abstract

CDC is building a public health information grid to enable controlled distribution of data, services and applications for researchers, Federal authorities, local and state health departments nationwide, enabling efficient controlled sharing of data and analytical tools. Federated aggregate... Read more

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National surveillance is used to detect the emergence and spread of influenza virus variants and to monitor influenza-related morbidity and mortality. Nurse telephone triage (“call”) data may serve as a useful complement to traditional influenza surveillance, especially at times or in places... Read more

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Clinician reporting of notifiable diseases has historically been slow, labor intensive, and incomplete. Manual and electronic laboratory reporting (ELR) systems have increased the timeliness, efficiency, and completeness of notifiable disease reporting but cannot provide full demographic... Read more

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There is limited closed-form statistical theory to indicate how well the prospective space-time permutation scan statistic will perform in the detection of localized excess illness activity. Instead, detection methods can be applied to simulated data to gain insight about detection performance.... Read more

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Influenza affects millions of people and causes about 36,000 deaths in the United States each winter. Pandemics of influenza emerge at irregular intervals. National influenza surveillance is used to detect the emergence and spread of influenza virus variants and to monitor influenza-related... Read more

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Despite decades of attempts to promote judicious AU, the US has high rates of per-person antimicrobial consumption, and extremely high rates of carbapenem use. Such profligate use is a key factor in the high rate of antimicrobial-resistant infections seen in US healthcare facilities.... Read more

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Chronic diseases are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for Americans but public health surveillance for these conditions is limited. Health departments currently use telephone interviews, medical surveys, and death certificates to gather information on chronic diseases but these... Read more

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We sought to compare ambulatory care (AC) and emergency department (ED) data for the detection of clusters of lower gastrointestinal illness, using AC and ED data and AC+ED data combined, from two geographically separate health plans participating in the National Bioterrorism Syndromic... Read more

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Public health departments have a strong interest in monitoring the incidence, care, and complications of gestational diabetes, as it is associated with poor outcomes for infants and increased risk of diabetes type II for mothers. Gestational diabetes rates are also a possible early marker for... Read more

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