Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

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The revised International Health Regulations (IHR) have expanded traditional infectious disease notification to include surveillance diseases of international importance, including emerging infectious diseases.  However, there are no clearly established guidelines for how countries should... Read more

Content type: Abstract

To evaluate whether joint monitoring of laboratory test orders and outpatient visits improves the sensitivity and timeliness of alerting during seasonal increases in respiratory illness.

Content type: Abstract

58 medical licensure boards require between 12 and 50 hours of Continuing Medical Education (CME) for re-licensure of physicians. 28 states as well as Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Mariana Islands, require continuing nursing education (CNE) for nursing re-licensure, with... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Effective public health response to emerging infectious diseases, natural disasters, and bioterrorism requires access to real-time, accurate information on disease patterns and healthcare utilization. The ESSENCE surveillance system in use by the Department of Defense (DoD) relies primarily on... Read more

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 Following the development of an introductory Continuing Education (CME) course in syndromic surveillance, the Education and Training Committee of the International Society for Disease Surveillance recognized the need to educate future non-medical public health workers and reviewed courses... Read more

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This paper presents an investigation using data mining techniques to model patterns of influenza from positive case demographics, symptoms and laboratory tests.

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The Joint Incentive Fund (JIF) Authorization creates innovative DoD/VA sharing initiatives. In 2009, DoD and VA commenced a biosurveillance JIF project whose principle objectives include improved situational awareness of combined VA/ DoD populations 1 and determining the optimal business model... Read more

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One of the standard approaches to public health surveillance for influenza is to monitor the percent of visits to about 2000 sentinel physicians for influenza-like illness (%ILI; fever plus cough or sore throat). The BioSense System currently receives (among other data) ICD-9 discharge diagnoses... Read more

Content type: Abstract

As of October 1, 2015, all HIPAA covered entities transition from the use of International Classification of Diseases version 9 (ICD-9-CM) to version 10 (ICD-10-CM/PCS). Many Public Health surveillance entities receive, interpret, analyze, and report ICD-9 encoded data, which will all be... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The impetus for the development of many first syndromic surveillance systems was the hope of detecting infectious disease outbreaks earlier than with traditional surveillance. Various data sources have been suggested as potential disease indicators. Researchers have analyzed many of these, ... Read more

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