Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

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Why was the syndrome created?

This is a Syndrome Definition (SD) Subcommittee community-developed syndrome definition for mental health conditions likely to increase in emergency department frequency during and after natural or human-caused disaster events. This syndrome definition... Read more

Content type: Syndrome

In winter, people are at risk for cold-related illness (CRI) such as hypothermia. Deaths coded as weather-related from 2006 through 2010 showed exposure to excessive cold as the leading cause of weather-related deaths in the United States.1 Therefore, the National Syndromic Surveillance Program... Read more

Content type: Success Stories

Why the syndrome was created:

The purpose of CDC Medication Refill v1 is to monitor visits for any medication/prescription that a patient may have run out of. Anything repetitive that needs routine refill visits - dialysis, oxygen, heart, BP, cholesterol.

This is useful for post-... Read more

Content type: Syndrome

Wisconsin experienced severe flooding from August 17 to September 20, 2018. This flood caused an estimated $232 million in damage and affected 21 counties. Floods can have negative health impacts on a population, such as increased skin infections, communicable diseases, gastroenteritis, and... Read more

Content type: Success Stories

Why the syndrome was created:

The purpose of the CDC Legionella v1 ESSENCE query is to capture potential visits related to Legionella. It is useful to identify potential cases for follow-up, conduct situation awareness and monitoring of outbreaks, and perform retrospective trend... Read more

Content type: Syndrome

Data latency limited the Alabama Department of Public Health’s (ADPH) ability torecognize and respond quickly to public health threats. Despite ADPH’s request that 95% of syndromic surveillance (SyS) data be submitted to ESSENCE* within 24 hours of a visit, some facilities were slow to process... Read more

Content type: Success Stories

Why the syndrome was created:

CDC staff were interested in understanding new uses for syndromic surveillance data, particularly in relation to maternal health and health-seeking behavior for pregnant women. Given this, CDC develop a syndrome definition to identify pregnancy, delivery, and... Read more

Content type: Syndrome

Mass gatherings—defined as events attended by a sufficient number of people to strain the planning and response resources of the host state—pose unique surveillance challenges. Attendees can be at greater (or high) risk for injuries due to event activities or volume of people in an unstructured... Read more

Content type: Success Stories

Louisiana, like other states, grapples with widespread drug abuse. CDC’s DrugOverdose Death Data show Louisiana had a statistically significant 14.7% increase in its drug overdose death rate from 2015–2016. As early as 2013, the Louisiana Office of Public Health, Infectious Disease Epidemiology... Read more

Content type: Success Stories

Zika virus disease became a significant public health problem in Brazil in 2015 and quickly spread to other South American and Central American countries. While not an overly severe illness for many, Zika virus disease has been shown to increase the probability of severe birth defects in babies... Read more

Content type: Success Stories

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