Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

Click on a topic under the Key Topic Areas section in the left column, then select a resource  from the list of resources that appear for that topic. You may also search for specific topics by entering one or more keywords in the Search bar. You can filter the search results by Content Type, Year, or Author Name.


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The NBS is an integrated disease surveillance system deployed in 22 public health jurisdictions to support receipt, investigation, analysis and reporting, and data exchange for state reportable conditions. The NBS is governed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state,... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Most countries do not report national notifiable disease data in a machine-readable format. Data are often in the form of a file that contains text, tables and graphs summarizing weekly or monthly disease counts. This presents a problem when information is needed for more data intensive... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Despite the significance of disease reporting to any health system, Grenada like most countries struggle with underreporting of notifiable diseases by physicians. In order to improve the national disease surveillance system in Grenada, it is critical understand the reasons for any underreporting... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Poliomyelitis a disease targeted for eradication since 1988 still pose public health challenge. The Eastern Mediterranean and African Regions out of the six World Health Organization (WHO) Regions are yet to be certified polio free. The certification of the WHO Africa region is largely dependent... Read more

Content type: Abstract

ARIs have epidemic and pandemic potential. Prediction of presence of ARIs from individual signs and symptoms in existing studies have been based on clinically-sourced data. Clinical data generally represents the most severe cases, and those from locations with access to healthcare institutions.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

In the Kingdom of Swaziland, a baseline assessment found that multiple functional units within the Ministry of Health (MoH) perform PHS activities. There is limited data sharing and coordination between units; roles and responsibilities are unclear. The Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit (... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Coccidioidomycosis, commonly referred to as Valley Fever, is caused by the soil-borne saprophytic fungus C. immitis and posadasii. These species have historically been found in the desert southwest and Mexico; however, in 2010 there were three coccidioidomycosis cases identified in central... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Stillbirth remained a neglected issue absent from mention in Millennium Development Goals. An estimated 2.6 million babies are stillborn every year with highest rate in Pakistan, 43.1 stillbirths/1000 births. There is lack of good quality prospective population based data in Pakistan regarding... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Immunization is one of the safest and most effective interventions to prevent disease and early child death. Although, about three quarters of the world’s child population is reached with the required vaccines, only half of the children in Sub-Saharan Africa get access to basic immunization. A... Read more

Content type: Abstract

High rates of morbidity and mortality among Americans related to opioid use constitute a public health epidemic, leading multiple jurisdictions to declare formal states of emergency or public health emergency. Declaring a state of emergency grants states and localities additional resources to... Read more

Content type: References


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