Computational Method for Epidemic Detection in Multiple populations

Currently Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) employ threshold rules to declare epidemic outbreaks, such as influenza, separately in each population. However each year influenza starts in one population and spreads population-to-population throughout the country. Therefore there is a need for an algorithm to declare the epidemic that uses information from multiple populations.


Detect epidemics over multiple Populations using computational methods

October 03, 2017

Sequential Bayesian Inference for Detection and Response to Seasonal Epidemics

Detection and response to seasonal outbreaks of endemic diseases provides an excellent testbed for quantitative bio-surveillance. As a case study we focus on annual influenza outbreaks. To incorporate observed year-over-year variation in flu incidence cases and timing of outbreaks, we analyze a stochastic compartmental SIS model that includes seasonal forcing by a latent Markovian factor. Epidemic detection then consists in identifying the presence of the environmental factor (“high” flu season), as well as estimation of the epidemic parameters, such as contact and recovery rates.

May 25, 2018

Tau-leaped Particle Learning

Development of effective policy interventions to stem disease outbreaks requires knowledge of the current state of affairs, e.g. how many individuals are currently infected, a strain’s virulence, etc, as well as our uncertainty of these values. A Bayesian inferential approach provides this information, but at a computational expense. We develop a sequential Bayesian approach based on an epidemiological compartment model and noisy count observations of the transitions between compartments.


July 10, 2018

Optimal sequential management decisions for measles outbreaks

Optimal sequential management of disease outbreaks has been shown to dramatically improve the realized outbreak costs when the number of newly infected and recovered individuals is assumed to be known (1,2). This assumption has been relaxed so that infected and recovered individuals are sampled and therefore the rate of information gain about the infectiousness and morbidity of a particular outbreak is proportional to the sampling rate (3). We study the effect of no recovered sampling and signal delay, features common to surveillance systems, on the costs associated with an outbreak.

May 02, 2019

Optimal sequential management decisions for influenza outbreaks

Management policies for influenza outbreaks balance the expected morbidity and mortality costs versus the cost of intervention policies under outbreak parameter uncertainty. Previous approaches have not updated parameter estimates as data arrives or have had a limited set of possible intervention policies. We present a methodology for dynamic determination of optimal policies in a stochastic compartmental model with sequentially updated parameter uncertainty that searches the full set of sequential control strategies.


June 18, 2019

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