Malaria burden through routing reporting: Relationship between incidence estimates

Routine surveillance is an important global strategy for malaria control. However, there have been few studies comparing routine indicators of burden, including test positivity rate (TPR) and test-confirmed malaria case rates (CMCR), over spatial and temporal scales.

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between test positivity rate and test-confirmed malaria case rate both in time and space, to provide better understanding of the utility and representativeness of HMIS data for changing malaria burden in endemic settings.

June 18, 2019

Field-based Evaluation of Malaria Outbreak Detection & Response, Mudzi and Goromonzi

Infectious disease outbreaks, such as the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, highlight the need for surveillance systems to quickly detect outbreaks and provide data to prevent future pandemics. The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool to conduct country-level assessments of surveillance capacity. However, considering that outbreaks begin and are first detected at the local level, national-level evaluations may fail to identify capacity improvements for outbreak detection.

June 18, 2019

Odisha State’s Malaria Reduction Success – Role of Information for Action

Presentation identifies the Odisha State in eastern coastal India as a region in the country and world with exceptionally high rates of malaria infection. Odisha, which represents 3% of India’s population was reporting 40% of the nation’s malaria case. The interventions in this state are documented to show the effectiveness of the declining malaria burden  

India, which in 2017 had the fourth highest malaria burden in the world has established a goal to be malaria-free by 2027. India has a 20% decline in cases since implementation of the described interventions. 

June 27, 2019

Malaria: A New Model for Disease Eradication

Defines the current state of impact of malaria. positioning the disease as leading cause of death by disease worldwide. In last 12 years, seven million lives have been saved with a reduction of 60% in fatalities. 

The presentation draws parallels between malaria and polio eradication and estimates a $2 trillion economic benefit through disease eradication. Malaria No More has established a goal and models for disease eradication. 

Methods: 

June 28, 2019

Malaria risk assessment through Remote Sensing and MultiCriteria Evaluation in Madagascar

Malaria remains a major public health problem in Madagascar. Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) is the adopted strategy for malaria control in the CHs and Fringe regions of Madagascar. Remotely sensed data analysis combined with Multi-Criteria Evaluation become crucial to target priority areas for intervention.

Objective:

Madagascar is one of the low-income countries with limited resources. In order to minimize the cost of the fight against malaria, the main objective of this study is to identify the priority zone for Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS).

January 25, 2018

Surveillance Strategies During Low Ebola Transmission in a District in Sierra Leone

Port Loko District has had over 1400 confirmed EVD cases during this outbreak. However, transmission declined rapidly in early 2015; by mid-April, a few weeks had passed with no known cases. Simultaneously, reporting of sick persons had plummeted across the district and the number of deaths reported in some areas was fewer than expected.

September 19, 2017

Use of Peripheral Health Units in Low-Transmission Ebola Virus Disease Surveillance

Existing EVD surveillance strategies in Sierra Leone use a centralized live alert system to refer suspect cases from the community to Ebola treatment centers. As EVD case burden declined in Port Loko District, so did the number of reported alerts. As EVD presents similarly to malaria, the number of alerts reported are expected to remain consistent with malaria prevalence in malaria-endemic areas, irrespective of a reduction in true EVD cases.

September 20, 2017

French National Health Insurance Information System for Malaria Surveillance

The estimated incidence of imported malaria in France is about 4,000 cases per year (1). The epidemiological surveillance of malaria in France is mainly based on a hospital laboratory surveillance network, which captures around 50% of cases. There is no comprehensive population surveillance. The SNIIRAM provides data about hospital stays and outpatient drug reimbursements, procedures, examinations and sickness leaves for almost the whole French population(2). We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the SNIIRAM for implementing epidemiological surveillance of malaria.

Objective

August 31, 2017

Military and Civilian Disease Outbreaks: A Comparative Analysis

Using influenza like illness (ILI) data from the repository held by AFHSC, and publically available malaria data we characterized similarities and differences between military and civilian outbreaks. Pete Riley et al. utilized a similar ILI dataset to investigate civilian and military outbreaks similarity during the 2009 flu epidemic. They found, overall, high similarity between civilian and military outbreaks, with military peaking roughly one week after civilian.

September 11, 2017

Insight into Malaria Transmission and Control in Endemic Areas

The global effort of malaria control is in line with the one world one health concept, but then a globally defined ‘‘one-size-fits-all’’ malaria control strategy would be inefficient in endemic areas. Plasmodium falciparum is the type of malaria parasite that most often causes severe and life-threatening malaria. People get malaria by being bitten by an infective female Anopheles mosquito.

October 27, 2017

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