Rapidly Adapting Flexible Surveillance Systems for Emergent Event Response

Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) epidemiologists have responded to multiple emergent outbreaks with diverse surveillance needs. During the 2009 H1N1 influenza response, it was necessary to electronically integrate multiple reporting sources and view population-level data, while during the 2014–2015 West African Ebola epidemic, it was necessary to easily collect and view individual level data from travelers to facilitate early detection of potential imported Ebola disease.

August 03, 2017

Real-time surveillance and response system for Ebola and other emerging infections

Improving surveillance and response is a critical component of the Global Health Security Agenda. While it is impossible to predict where the next Ebola outbreak will occur, it is very likely that another outbreak will occur in the DRC. Of the 20 known outbreaks, 7 have occurred in the DRC, one as recently as 2014. To rapidly detect and respond to an Ebola outbreak, we sought to develop a real-time surveillance and response system for use in DRC and similar settings.

August 03, 2017

Advancing GHSA: Lessons learned about strengthening HIS and disease surveillance

RTI International has worked on enhancing health information and disease surveillance systems in many countries, including The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Guinea, Indonesia, Kenya, Nepal, Philippines, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Strengthening these systems is critical for all three of the Prevent, Detect and Respond domains within the Global Health Security Agenda. 

May 24, 2017

Advancing PH Emergency Preparedness Informatics to Support Emergency Responses

The purpose of this project is to demonstrate progress in developing a scientific and practical approach for public health (PH) emergency preparedness and response informatics (EPRI) that supports the National Health Security Strategy and Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) objectives. PH emergency operations centers (EOC) contribute to health security objectives because they operationalize response, recovery and mitigation activities during national and international PH events.

May 25, 2017

An Informatics Framework to Support Surveillance System Interoperability in Minnesota

The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) needs to be able to collect, use, and share clinical, individual-level health data electronically in secure and standardized ways in order to optimize surveillance capabilities, support public health goals, and ensure proper follow-up and action to public health threats.

May 26, 2017

Global Health Surveillance: Innovation and Coordination for Broad Health Impact

Multiple agencies are involved in global disease surveillance and coordination of activities is essential to achieve broad public health impact. Multiple examples of effective and collaborative initiatives exist. The WHO/AFRO developed Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) framework, adopted by 43 of the 46 AFRO member states and applied in other WHO regions, was the first framework designed to strengthen national disease surveillance and response systems.

June 19, 2017

Administrative and syndromic surveillance data can enhance public health surveillance

Healthcare data, including emergency department (ED) and outpatient health visit data, are potentially useful to the public health community for multiple purposes, including programmatic and surveillance activities. These data are collected through several mechanisms, including administrative data sources [e.g., MarketScan claims data1; American Hospital Association (AHA) data2] andpublic health surveillance programs [e.g., the National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP)3].

June 20, 2017

Identifying and Communicating the Importance of the Variable Nature of SyS Data

As syndromic surveillance systems continue to grow, new opportunities have arisen to utilize the data in new or alternative ways for which the system was not initially designed. For example, in many jurisdictions syndromic surveillance has recently become population-based, with 100% coverage of targeted emergency department encounters. This makes the data more valuable for real- time evaluation of public health and prevention programs. There has also been increasing pressure to make more data publicly available – to the media, academic partners, and the general public. 

July 06, 2017

An Exploration of Public Events and Alcohol Related Incidents

Champaign County is one of the largest counties in central Illinois with a population of ~207,000 and is home to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign which currently has 44,500 students. In the fall the university hosts Big Ten football games which have recently been drawing an average attendance of ~45,000 people, many traveling from Chicago or other parts of the Midwest. The twin cities host a number of community events and festivals throughout the Spring and Summer. Typically the community festivals have liquor licenses whereas no alcohol is served in the football stadium.

August 22, 2017

An Improved EWMA-Based Method for Outbreak Detection in Multiple Regions

Emerging disease clusters must be detected in a timely manner so that necessary remedial action can be taken to prevent the spread of an outbreak. The Exponentially Weighted Moving Average method (EWMA) is a particularly popular method, and has been utilized for disease surveillance in the United States.

August 22, 2017

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