SAVSNET: Collating Veterinary Electronic Health Records for Research and Surveillance

Statutory veterinary disease surveillance generally focuses on food animals with only minimal resources committed to companion animals. However, the close contact between owners and pets suggests that disease surveillance in these species could benefit both animal and human health.

September 08, 2017

Minnesota e-Health Data Repositories: Assessing the Status, Readiness & Opportunities to Support Population Health

Health care reform and the use of electronic health record systems is dramatically changing the health care landscape creating both challenges and opportunities for public health. High adoption of health information technology among Minnesota’s health care providers has created an opportunity to advance e-health by collecting and using these data to improve population health. It has been demonstrated that interoperable clinical data repositories can serve surveillance needs to support both public health and clinical care.

September 13, 2017

Triage Notes in Syndromic Surveillance – A Double Edged Sword

The advent of Meaningful Use (MU) has allowed for the expansion of data collected at the hospital level and received by public health for syndromic surveillance. The triage note, a free text expansion on the chief complaint, is one of the many variables that are becoming commonplace in syndromic surveillance data feeds. Triage notes are readily available in many ED information systems, including, but not limited to, Allscripts, Cerner, EPIC, HMS, MedHost, Meditech, and T-System.

September 20, 2017

Automated Collection of Electronic Health Record Healthy Weight Data for Surveillance

Clinical data captured in electronic health records (EHR) for patient health care could be used for chronic disease surveillance, helping to inform and prioritize interventions at a state or community level. While there has been significant progress in the collection of clinical information such as immunizations for public health purposes, greater attention could be paid to the collection of data on chronic illness. Obesity is a chronic disease that affects over a third of the US adult population1 , making it an important public health concern.

September 28, 2017

Development of Genomic Surveillance Bioinformatics Modules

Whole-genome sequencing of disease-causing organisms provides an unabridged examination of the genetic content of individual pathogen isolates, enabling public health laboratories to benefit from comparative analyses of total genetic content. Combining this information with sample metadata such as temporal, geospatial, morbidity, and mortality can greatly increase the efficacy of genomics analysis.

October 05, 2017

Big Data Analytics for Mass Casualty Incident (MCI) Situational Awareness

A variety of big data analytics, techniques and tools including social media analytics, open source visualizations, statistical anomaly detection, use of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs), and geospatial mapping, are used for infectious disease biosurveillance. Using these methodologies, policy makers and practitioners detect and monitor outbreaks across the world near real time, in multiple languages, 24/7. The non-infectious disease community, namely critical care, injury, and trauma stakeholders, currently lack this level of sophistication.

October 09, 2017

CDC Surveillance Strategy – A Strategy for Improving CDC Activities in Public Health Surveillance

Public health surveillance guides efforts to detect and monitor disease and injuries, assess the impact of interventions and assist in the management of and recovery from large-scale public health incidents. Today’s ever-present, media-hungry environment pressures public health scientists, researchers and frontline practitioners to provide information, on an almost instantaneous basis, responsive to public and policy maker concerns about specific geographies and specific populations.

October 09, 2017

Combining Text Mining and Data Visualization Techniques to Understand Consumer Experiences of Electronic Cigarettes and Hookah in Online Forums

Since their introduction to the US market in 2007, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have posed considerable challenges to both public health authorities and government regulators, especially given the debate – in both the scientific world and the community at large – regarding the potential advantages (e.g. helping individuals quit smoking) and disadvantages (e.g. renormalizing smoking) associated with the product1.

October 10, 2017

Identifying Emerging Novel Outbreaks In Textual Emergency Department Data

Typical approaches to monitoring ED data classify cases into pre-defined syndromes and then monitor syndrome counts for anomalies. However, syndromes cannot be created to identify every possible cluster of cases of relevance to public health. To address this limitation, NC DETECT’s approach clusters cases by arrival times and monitors the textual chief complaint data associated with each identified cluster for relevant similarities [1]. This approach is time consuming and limited in its ability to detect emerging outbreaks that are dispersed across time.

November 01, 2017

New Ways to Disseminate the US National Notifiable Disease Provisional Data

The NNDSS is a nationwide collaboration that enables all levels of public health (local, state, territorial, federal and international) to monitor, control, and prevent the occurrence and spread of state-reportable and nationally notifiable diseases and conditions. The NNDSS data are a critical source of information for monitoring disease trends, effectiveness of prevention and control programs, and policy development.

November 22, 2017

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