The opioid epidemic is a multifaceted public health issue that requires a coordinated and dynamic response to address the ongoing changes in the trends of opioid overdoses. Access to timely and accurate data allows more targeted and effective programs and policies to prevent and reduce fatal and nonfatal drug overdoses in California. As a part of a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Enhanced State Opioid Overdose Surveillance grant, the goals of this surveillance are to more rapidly identify changes in trends of nonfatal drug overdose, opioid overdose, and heroin overdose emergency department visits; identify demographic groups or areas within California that are experiencing these changes; and to provide these data and trends to state and local partners addressing the opioid crisis throughout California. Emergency department (ED) visit data are analyzed on an ongoing quarterly basis to monitor the proportion of all ED visits that are attributed to nonfatal drug, opioid, and heroin overdoses as a portion of the statewide opioid overdose surveillance.
Objective: To track and monitor nonfatal emergency department opioid overdoses in California for use in the statewide response in the opioid epidemic.