Trends in Injection Opioid Use and Bloodborne Pathogen Related Diseases in New Jersey

When the opioid epidemic began in the early 1990s, pills such as oxycodone were the primary means of abuse.

June 18, 2019

Opioid Seizures by Law Enforcement in Relation to Emergency Room Visits

In 2016, there were approximately 63,000 deaths nationally due to drug overdose. This trend continues to increase with the provisional number of US deaths for 2017 being approximately 72,000 (1). This increase in overdose deaths is fueled largely by the opioid class of drugs. The opioid epidemic began in the 1990s with a steady rise in prescription opioid overdoses. However, after 2010 a rise in heroin overdose deaths also began to occur.

June 18, 2019

Mental health and opioid addiction comorbidities among chronic pain patients

The National Institute for Drug Abuse Report, Common Comorbidities with Substance Use Disorders, states there are many individuals who develop substance use disorders (SUD) are also diagnosed with mental disorders, and vice versa.(1) Prescription opioids are amongst the most commonly used drugs that lead to illicit drug use.(2)Much of the data about the starting point of the prescription opioid addiction is in the patient health history and is recorded within the provider electronic health record and administrative systems.Description: There are a variety of addiction and misuse risk screen

June 18, 2019

Enhancing TX SyS by integrating EMS and Poison Data for Opioid Overdose Surveillance

In recent years, the number of deaths from illicit and prescription opioids has increased significantly resulting in a national and local public health crisis. According to the Texas Center for Health Statistics, there were 1340 opioid related deaths in 2015.1 In 2005, by comparison, there were 913 opioid related deaths. Syndromic surveillance can be used to monitor overdose trends in near real-time and provide much needed information to public health officials.

June 18, 2019

Developing Mindful and Targeted Data Visualizations for Diverse Audiences

Tennessee has experienced an increase of fatal and non-fatal drug overdoses which has been almost entirely driven by the opioid epidemic. Increased awareness by medical professionals, new legislation surrounding prescribing practices, and mandatory use of the state's prescription drug monitoring program has resulted in a decrease of opioid prescriptions and dosages. Paradoxically, emergency department discharges and inpatient hospitalizations due to opioid overdoses have continued to increase.

June 18, 2019

Tracking Community Naloxone Dispensing: Part of a Strategy to Reduce Overdose Deaths

The number of unintentional overdose deaths in New York City (NYC) has increased for seven consecutive years. In 2017, there were 1,487 unintentional drug overdose deaths in NYC.

June 18, 2019

Identification and Assessment of Repeat Drug Overdose Visits at EDs in Virginia

The Virginia Department of Health (VDH) utilizes syndromic surveillance ED data to measure morbidity associated with opioid and heroin overdoses among Virginia residents. Understanding which individuals within a population use ED services for repeated drug overdose events may help guide the use of limited resources towards the most effective treatment and prevention efforts.

June 18, 2019

21st Century Approach: Using data and novel technologies to address the opioid crisis

Clark County, Indiana is geographically located in between the urban area of Louisville, Kentucky and Scott County, Indiana. Scott County is the site for the largest HIV outbreak in the history of the United States, directly related to high rates of IV drug abuse. The unique geographic location of Clark County in combination with the recent HIV and Hepatitis C outbreaks in Clark and neighboring counties has greatly informed the development of an effective response to overdoses and the opioid epidemic in general.

June 18, 2019

Enhanced Surveillance of Nonfatal Emergency Department Opioid Overdoses in California

The opioid epidemic is a multifaceted public health issue that requires a coordinated and dynamic response to address the ongoing changes in the trends of opioid overdoses. Access to timely and accurate data allows more targeted and effective programs and policies to prevent and reduce fatal and nonfatal drug overdoses in California.

June 18, 2019

Utilization History of Emergency Medical Services Among West Virginia Drug Overdose Decedents

West Virginia continues to lead the nation in drug overdose deaths per capita. In 2016, the age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths was 52 per 100,0001. In the same year, there were roughly 64,000 overdose deaths in the United States, a 21.5% rate increase from 20151. The drug overdose epidemic in West Virginia has taken a significant toll on individuals, families, communities, and resources.

June 18, 2019

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