Factors associated with hospitalization due to streptococcal infection in Houston, Texas 2015-2016

Different studies have shown that Streptococcal infections in adults are more common among older age, blacks, and underlying chronic medical conditions like diabetes, cardiovascular and kidney diseases. In specific, other studies have demonstrated that streptococcal pyogenes can cause severe illnesses and dramatic hospital outbreaks. Furthermore, community-acquired pneumonia studies had also suggested that cardiovascular disease, severe renal disease, chronic lung disease and diabetes were associated with increased odds of hospitalization.


January 25, 2018

In data we trust? An evaluation of the quality of influenza hospital admissions data gathered by automated versus manual reporting

The Washington Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting System (CHARS) has collected discharge data from billing systems for every inpatient admitted to every hospital in the state since 1987 [1]. The purpose of the system is to provide data for making informed decisions on health care. The system collects age, sex, zip code and billed charges of the patient, as well as hospital names and discharge diagnoses and procedure codes.

May 02, 2019

Classification of errors for quality assurance in the emerging infections program influenza hospitalizations surveillance system

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Emerging Infections Program (EIP) monitors and studies many infectious diseases, including influenza. In 10 states in the US, information is collected for hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza. Data are extracted manually by EIP personnel at each site, stripped of personal identifiers and sent to the CDC. The anonymized data are received and reviewed for consistency at the CDC before they are incorporated into further analyses. This includes identifying errors, which are used for classification.


June 14, 2019

Creating a fast and flexible syndromic surveillance reporting system

Syndromic surveillance systems significantly enhance the ability of Public Health Units to identify, quantify, and respond to disease outbreaks. Existing systems provide excellent classification, identification, and alerting functions, but are limited in the range of statistical and mapping analyses that can be done.

June 14, 2019

Asthma patterns in Boston emergency department visits for children age five and under

The burden of asthma on the youngest children in Boston is largely characterized through hospitalizations and self-report surveys. Hospitalization rates are highest in Black and Hispanic populations under age five. A study of children living in Boston public housing showed significant risk factors, including obesity and pest infestation, with less than half of the study population being prescribed daily medication.

June 18, 2019

Influenza surveillance using inpatient health information exchange data

During the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic, the Washington State Department of Health (DOH) temporarily made lab-confirmed influenza hospitalizations and deaths reportable. As reporting influenza hospitalizations is resource intensive for hospitals, electronic sources of inpatient influenza surveillance data are being explored.

June 18, 2019

Quantifying the relationship between influenza-related emergency department visits and hospital admissions in BioSense

Real-time emergency department (ED) data from the BioSense surveillance program for ILI visits and ILI admissions provide valuable insight into disease severity that bridges gaps in traditional influenza surveillance systems that monitor ILI in outpatient settings and laboratory-confirmed hospitalization, but do not quantify the relationship between ILI visits and hospital admissions.


June 21, 2019

Identifying water contamination from syndromic surveillance signals

The EPA Water Security initiative contamination warning system detection strategy involves the use of multiple monitoring and surveillance components for timely detection of drinking water contamination in the distribution system. The public health surveillance (PHS) component of the contamination warning system involves the analysis of health-related data to identify disease events that may stem from drinking water contamination.

June 26, 2019

What Happens in Vegas, Doesn’t Stay in Vegas: Traveling Waves of Influenza in the US Elderly Population, 1991-2004

Influenza is a significant public health problems in the US leading to over one million hospitalizations in the elderly population (age 65 and over) annually. While influenza preparedness is an important public health issue, previous research has not provided comprehensive analysis of season-by-season timing and geographic shift of influenza in the elderly population. These findings fail to document the intricacies of each unique influenza season, which would benefit influenza preparedness and intervention.

July 30, 2018

Substance Abuse Among Youth in Miami-Dade County, 2005-2007

The 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey of 9th to 12th graders in Miami-Dade County public schools found that 69.7% of students tried alcohol, 28.3% tried marijuana, and 6.3% tried cocaine in their lifetime. Results also showed that Hispanics had a higher percentage of usage when compared to Blacks or Whites. The 2007 White House Office of National Drug Control Policy special report entitled “Hispanic Teens and Drugs” also concluded that Hispanics were at the highest risk for substance abuse. With the county’s 60% Hispanic population, this issue is of concern for the community.

July 30, 2018


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