A Tool to Improve Communicable Disease Surveillance Data

NYS (excluding NYC) has a very robust Communicable Disease Electronic Surveillance System (CDESS). This system provides disease specific modules, as well as a tracking system for contacts, and a perinatal infant tracking system. This system provides an easy way for users to quickly download a file with all of their data.

August 07, 2017

Alcohol-Related ED Visits and Ohio State Football: Putting the O-H in ETOH

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), binge drinking causes over half of the 88,000 excessive alcohol use deaths and costs approximately $149 billion dollars annually in the United States. Additionally, excessive alcohol use can increase the risk of many other health problems, including injuries and cancer, placing a large burden on public health. In Franklin County, Ohio, The Ohio State University (OSU) football games are an occasion of binge drinking for the student body and Columbus population alike.

August 07, 2017

Improving the Value Proposition of Surveillance Tools: Innovative Uses for VA ESSENCE

VA began using ESSENCE as a public health surveillance tool in 2005. The system offered alerting capability for pre-defined syndromes and querying capability for outpatient ICD-9 diagnosis codes. Herein, we highlight examples of how we have invested in upgrades to analytic capabilities and expanded data sources available to ESSENCE in order to augment the overall utility of this system within VA.

Objective

October 10, 2017

Assessing the Usage of Dating Sites and Social Networking Sites in Newly Diagnosed HIV Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in Harris County, Texas, 2014

Internet based technologies are becoming quite prominent among today’s generation due to its easy accessibility through computer or phone devices. Internet’s relative anonymity leads high risk groups to find it easier to meet sexual partners with similar characteristics through dating sites like Grindr, Jack’D, Adams4Adams etc. and mainstream social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram. According to various studies, young MSMs prefer to use dating sites and social networking sites more as a source to meet sexual partners than older MSMs.

August 23, 2017

Augmenting Surveillance to Minimize the Burden of Norovirus-Like Illness in Ontario: Using TeleHealth Ontario Data to Detect the Onset of Community Activity

Norovirus, commonly referred to as the winter vomiting disease, is the most common cause of gastroenteritis worldwide, with the total number of cases reported per year in Ontario second only to the common cold. The disease is highly infectious, requires a low infectious dose, and is well-known to cause large outbreaks in closely confined populations. While deaths are rare, hospitalization and longterm sequelae are more likely to occur in at-risk populations, such as the elderly or immunocompromised.

August 23, 2017

Cancer Health Disparities in Southeastern Wisconsin

Advanced cancer treatments and research have been helping reduce cancer mortality nationally and in Wisconsin. However, chronic health disparities in cancer remain a major public health concern as not all population subgroups have equal accesses to these healthcare benefits. Previous cancer studies showed that cancer health disparities persisted among racial populations had primarily focused on the entire state of Wisconsin.

August 23, 2017

Early Estimation of the Basic Reproduction Number Using Minimal Outbreak Data

The basic reproduction number represents the number of secondary infections expected to be caused by an infectious individual introduced into an entirely susceptible population. It is a fundamental measure used to characterize infectious disease outbreaks and is essential in developing mathematical models to determine appropriate interventions. Much work has been done to investigate methods for estimating the basic reproduction number during the early stages of infectious disease outbreaks.

August 28, 2017

Epidemic Situation in Ukraine Related to the Quality of Drinking Water

The World Health Organization (WHO) puts a great emphasis on the study of diseases related to using or consuming poor-quality water and the absence of proper hygiene. Unfortunately, consumption of poor-quality water causes certain diseases in Ukraine.

August 29, 2017

Epidemic Situation in Ukraine Related to the Quality of Drinking Water

The World Health Organization (WHO) puts a great emphasis on the study of diseases related to using or consuming poor-quality water and the absence of proper hygiene. Unfortunately, consumption of poor-quality water causes certain diseases in Ukraine.

August 29, 2017

Estimating FluNearYou Correlation to ILINet at Different Levels of Participation

Flu Near You allows individuals to volunteer to be a sentinel node of the syndromic surveillance (SyS) network. The platform has the potential to provide insight into the spread of influenza-like illness (ILI). CDC’s ILINet is the gold standard for tracking ILI at the national level, but does not track into the local level. Local health departments (LHD) frequently express a need for granular data specific to their jurisdictions. FNY attempts to meet this need by collecting and sharing data at the zip code level.

August 31, 2017

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