Extending an Uncertainty Taxonomy for Suspected Pneumonia Case Review

Natural language processing algorithms that accurately screen clinical documents for suspected pneumonia must extract and reason about whether these mentions provide evidence that supports, refutes, or represents uncertainty. Our efforts extend existing algorithms [1] and taxonomies [2] that can be leveraged by NLP tools for more accurate handling of uncertainty for suspected pneumonia case review.

Objective

September 11, 2017

Classifying Supporting, Refuting, or Uncertain Evidence for Pneumonia Case Review

Characterizing mentions found in clinical texts that support, refute, or represent uncertainty for suspected pneumonia is one area where automated Natural Language Processing (NLP) screening algorithms could be improved. Mentions of uncertainty and negation commonly occur in clinical texts, and opportunities exist to extend existing algorithms [1] and taxonomies [2].

October 10, 2017

Extracting Surveillance Data from Templated Sections of an Electronic Medical Note: Challenges and Opportunities

The main stay of recording patient data is the free text of electronic medical records (EMR). While stating the chief complaint and history of presenting illness in the patients ‘own words’, the rest of the electronic note is written by the provider in their words. Providers often use boiler-plate templates from EMR pull-downs to document information on the patient in the form of checklists, check boxes, yes/no and free text responses to questions.

May 17, 2018

Clinical decision support at the time of an e-prescription can sustainably decrease unwarranted use of antibiotics for acute respiratory infections

Microorganisms resistant to antibiotics (ABX) increase the mortality, morbidity and costs of infections. In the absence of a drug development pipeline that can keep pace with the emerging resistancemechanisms, these organisms are expected to threaten public health for years to come. Because exposure to ABX promotes the development of bacterial resistance, health care providers have long been urged to avoid using antibiotics to treat conditions that they are unlikely to improve, including many uncomplicated acute respiratory infections.

June 14, 2019

Using clinician mental models to guide annotation of medically unexplained symptoms and syndromes found in VA clinical documents

Medically unexplained syndromes (MUS) are conditions that are diagnosed on the basis of symptom constellations and are characterized by a lack of well-defined pathogenic pathways. The three most common MUS are chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, and fibromyalgia. Different types of persistent symptoms, originating from different organ systems, characterize these syndromes. Patients often meet the criteria for more than one MUS.

 

Objectives

June 20, 2019

Automated Surveillance To Detect An Influenza Epidemic: Which Respiratory Syndrome Should We Monitor?

OBJECTIVE

Syndromic surveillance systems (SSS) seek early detection of infectious diseases outbreaks by focusing on pre-diagnostic symptoms. We do not yet know which respiratory syndrome should be monitored for a SSS to discover an influenza epidemic as soon as possible. This works compares the delay and workload required to detect an influenza epidemic using a SSS that targets either (1) all cases of acute respiratory infections (ARI) or (2) only those ARI cases that are febrile and satisfy CDC's definition for an influenza-like illness.

July 30, 2018

Free-Text Processing To Enhance Detection Of Acute Respiratory Infections

Objective

We asked to what extent computerized processing of the full free-text clinical documentation could enhance syndrome detection compared to the sole use of structured data elements from a comprehensive electronic medical record.

July 30, 2018

Identifying Contextual Features to Improve the Performance of an Influenza-Like Illness Text Classifier

To understand the types of false positive cases identified by an Influenza-like illness (ILI) text classifier by measuring the prevalence of ILI-related concepts that are negated, hypothetical, include explicit mention of temporality, experienced by someone other than the patient, or described in templated text that is difficult to process.

July 30, 2018

Pilot Evaluation of Syndrome-specific School Absenteeism Data for Public Health Surveillance

School absenteeism data could be used as an early indicator for disease outbreaks. The increase in absences, however, may be driven by non-sickness related factors. Reason for absence combined with syndrome-specific information might make absenteeism data more useful for early outbreak detection.

 

Objective

This is a pilot evaluation to determine the usefulness of syndrome-specific school absenteeism data for public health surveillance systems.

July 30, 2018

Using Biosurveillance Whole-System Facsimiles To Compare Aberrancy-Detection Methods: Should BioSense Use SatScan?

OBJECTIVE

A “whole-system facsimile” recreates a complex automated biosurveillance system running prospectively on real historical datasets. We systematized this approach to compare the performance of otherwise identical surveillance systems that used alternative statistical outbreak detection approaches, those used by CDC’s BioSense syndromic system or a popular scan statistics.

July 30, 2018

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