Legislation and policy changes for Tuberculosis Surveillance in Mongolia: A qualitative analysis

Mongolia is one of countries in the WHO Western Pacific Region with a high TB burden. The National Stop TB Strategy 2010-2015 implemented and developed strong surveillance and response system in the country. However, new TB incidence and deaths have not decreased significantly.Political commitment is critical for effective TB surveillance and that commitment can be demonstrated by a country's legal framework, which governs the practice of prevention and control.

June 18, 2019

Improving the Quality of Data Exchange Formats in the U.S. National Tuberculosis Surveillance System

Disease surveillance systems remain the best quality systems to rely on when standardized surveillance systems provide the best data to understand disease occurrence and trends. The United States National Tuberculosis Surveillance System (NTSS) contains reported tuberculosis (TB) cases provided by all 50 states, the District of Columbia (DC), New York City, Puerto Rico, and other U.S.-affiliated jurisdictions in the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.

January 21, 2018

Morbidity surveillance and treatment of MDR-TB with the support of NGOs in Ukraine

The global strategy for eliminating tuberculosis (TB) epidemic "End TB" has been implemented in the world since 2016. Its main goal is to reduce the 2015 TB incidence rate by 90% and 2015 TB mortality rate by 95% by 2035. In Ukraine, in 2016, the incidence rate of new cases of tuberculosis among the general population was 54.7 per 100 thousand of population (2015 - 55.9), the rate of decrease was 2.1 ± 0.1%. In Donetsk Oblast (that is under control of Ukrainian authorities), the incidence rate increased by 2.4% and was 56.4 per 100 thousand of population.

January 25, 2018

Leveraging the Niche of Open Data for Disease Surveillance and Health Education

Transparency of information on infectious disease epidemics is crucial for not only public health workers but also the residents in the communities. Traditionally, disease control departments created official websites for displaying disease maps or epi-curves with the confirmed case counts. The websites were usually very formal and static, without interaction, animation, or even the aid of spatial statistics.

July 12, 2017

Tuberculosis Unseen - Missed Opportunities in Diagnosis

Historically, patients with TB have often been diagnosed late or after death. This delay in diagnosis often occurs because TB is misdiagnosed as an alternative respiratory illness (RI), such as pneumonia . TB infected patients that are not correctly diagnosed when initial symptoms occur may spread infection to others in both healthcare settings and the community.

Objective

November 06, 2017

Effectiveness of Using a Chief Complaint and Discharge Diagnosis Query in ESSENCE-FL to Identify Possible Tuberculosis Patients and Contacts in Hillsborough County, Florida

The Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics in Florida (ESSENCE-FL) is a web-based application for use by public health professionals within the Florida Department of Health (FDOH). The main source of data for ESSENCE-FL is emergency department (ED) data. Ten hospitals in Hillsborough County, Florida send their data to the ESSENCE-FL server. ESSENCE-FL requires only a limited data set to be sent by the hospital which includes patient chief complaint (CC) and discharge diagnosis (DD).

August 22, 2018

October Literature Review: Author Presentations on Drug-resistant Tuberculosis Surveillance

The topic of the August Literature Review was drug resistance. To follow this up, the October Literature Review will feature presentations by the first author of two publications identified by the Committee. The two papers are:

February 24, 2017

Aiding the practice of tuberculosis control: a decision support model to predict transmission

A new TB case can be classified as: 1) a source case for transmission leading to other, secondary active TB cases; 2) a secondary case, resulting from recent transmission; or 3) an isolated case, uninvolved in recent transmission (i.e. neither source nor recipient). Source and secondary cases require more intense intervention due to their involvement in a chain of transmission; thus, accurate and rapid classification of new patients should help public health personnel to effectively prioritize control activities.

May 02, 2019

US Destinations of Newly Arrived Immigrants and Refugees with Suspect TB, 2009-2010

Immigrants and refugees are required to undergo tuberculosis (TB) screening before entering the United States (US)(1). Nearly 700 overseas panel physicians designated by the US Department of State, perform these screenings (2). Over 450,000 new immigrants and nearly 80,000 refugees arrive in the US each year with their medical documentation (3). Those with culture positive or smear positive TB are treated prior to arrival in the US; those with radiographic or symptomatic TB but negative smears and culture may enter the US with Class B TB(4).

May 02, 2019

A Multijurisdictional Investigation of Resistant Highly Infectious TB in Asian Immigrants

Learn about a highly infectious resistant tuberculosis outbreak among recent immigrants & the multijurisdictional public health response. Recognize basics about tuberculosis & anticipate difficulties with immigrants and resistant strains. Enhance epidemiologic response and treatment of tuberculosis that emerged across borders requiring coordinated response from employers, government, and individuals.

July 30, 2018

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