Extreme Weather Surveillance

Problem Summary

October 30, 2017

Validation of a Syndromic Case Definition for Detecting Emergency Department Visits Potentially Related to Marijuana

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Reliable methods are needed to monitor the public health impact of changing laws and perceptions about marijuana. Structured and free-text emergency department (ED) visit data offer an opportunity to monitor the impact of these changes in near-real time. Our objectives were to (1) generate and validate a syndromic case definition for ED visits potentially related to marijuana and (2) describe a method for doing so that was less resource intensive than traditional methods.

METHODS:

June 07, 2017

A Syndrome Definition Validation Approach for Zika Virus

In 2016, the World Health Organization declared Zika virus a global public health emergency. Zika infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other fetal brain defects. To facilitate clinicians’ ability to detect Zika, various syndrome definitions have been developed. 

Objective

To develop and validate a Zika virus disease syndrome definition within the GUARDIAN (Geographic Utilization of Artificial Intelligence in Real-Time for Disease Identification and Alert Notification) surveillance system.

May 26, 2017

Development of Syndrome Definitions for Acute Unintentional Drug and Heroin Overdose

Nationally, deaths due to opioid overdose have continually increased for the past 15 years . Deaths specifically related to heroin increased more than four-fold between 2002 and 2014. Hospital inpatient discharge data provide information on non-fatal overdoses, but include a significant lag in reporting time. Syndromic ED visit data provide near real-time identification of public health issues and can be leveraged to inform public health actions on the emerging threat of drug overdose.

Objective

May 27, 2017

Sensitivity and Specificity of the Fever Syndromes in BioSense and ESSENCE

Syndromic surveillance refers to the monitoring of disease related events, sets of clinical features (i.e. syndromes), or other indicators in a population. Tennessee obtains emergency department data for syndromic surveillance in standardized HL7 format following the field and value set standards published by the Public Health Information Network. Messages contain information previously unavailable to syndromic surveillance systems, including quantitative values such as recorded temperature.

September 08, 2017

Avian Flu, Ebola, MERS, and Other Emerging Challenges for Influenza Surveillance Practitioners

Public health practitioners endeavor to expand and refine their syndromic and other advanced surveillance systems which are designed to supplement their existing laboratory testing and disease surveillance toolkit. While much of the development and widespread implementation of these systems was previously supported by public health preparedness funding, the reduction of these monies has greatly constrained the ability of public health agencies to staff and maintain these systems.

August 23, 2017

Equine Syndromic Surveillance in Colorado Using Veterinary Laboratory Test Order Data

The Risk Identification Unit (RIU) of the US Dept. of Agriculture’s Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health (CEAH) conducts weekly surveillance of national livestock health data and routine coordination with agricultural stakeholders. In an initiative to increase the monitored species, health issues, and data sources, CEAH epidemiologists are building a surveillance system based on weekly counts of laboratory test orders along with Colorado State Univ. laboratorians and statistical analysts from the Johns Hopkins Univ. Applied Physics Lab.

August 31, 2017

New Master Mapping Reference Table (MMRT) to Assist ICD-10 Transition for Syndromic Surveillance

As of October 1, 2015, all HIPAA covered entities transition from the use of International Classification of Diseases version 9 (ICD-9-CM) to version 10 (ICD-10-CM/PCS). Many Public Health surveillance entities receive, interpret, analyze, and report ICD-9 encoded data, which will all be significantly impacted by the transition. Public health agencies will need to modify existing database structures, extraction rules, and messaging guides, as well as revise established syndromic surveillance definitions and underlying analytic and business rules to accommodate this transition.

September 01, 2017

ICD-10-CM Master Mapping Reference Table

The ICD-10-CM Master Mapping Reference Table (MMRT) is a tool and resource to assist public health professionals in code-mapping conversion between ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM.

Background

June 21, 2017

National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) BioSense Syndrome Definitions Workgroup - Report

This report summarizes a series of seven meetings of the Syndrome Definition Workgroup held in 2014 and 2015.

Objective

To review, validate, and modify syndromes and provide community input on a process to update or develop syndromes.

October 29, 2017

Pages

Contact Us

NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org

 

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