Progress towards Companion Animal Zoonotic Disease Surveillance in the U.S. Army

Dogs, cats and other companion animals have played an integral role in many aspects of human life. Human and companion animal (CAs) interactions have a wide range of benefits to human health [1-3]. The threat of zoonotic transmission between CAs and humans is exacerbated by proximity (56% of dog owners and 62% of cat owners sleep with their animal next to them [4]) and the number of diseases CAs share with humans. Many of these highlighted zoonoses are spread by direct contact, and others are vector-transmitted (e.g., fleas, ticks, flies, and mosquitos).

June 18, 2019

Tracking environmental hazards and health outcomes to inform decision-making in the United States

In 2002, the United States (US) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program (Tracking Program) to address the challenges in environmental health surveillance described by the Pew Environmental Commission (1). The report cited gaps in our understanding of how the environment affects our health and attributed these gaps to a dearth of surveillance data for environmental hazards, human exposures, and health effects.

June 18, 2019

Seeing Data in a New Light: Data Visualization Techniques to Improve Understanding

In 2002, the United States (US) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program (Tracking Program) to address the challenges and gaps in the nation'™s environmental health surveillance infrastructure. The Tracking Program's mission is to provide information from a nationwide network of integrated health and environmental data that drives actions to improve the health of communities.

June 18, 2019

Implementation of an Electronic Disease Surveillance System in Guinea, 2016-2018

The West Africa Ebola outbreak of 2014-2016 demonstrated the importance of strong disease surveillance systems and the severe consequences of weak capacity to detect and respond to cases quickly. Challenges in the transmission and management of surveillance data were one factor that contributed to the delay in detecting and confirming the Ebola outbreak. To help address this challenge, we have collaborated with the U.S.

June 18, 2019

Tracking Community Naloxone Dispensing: Part of a Strategy to Reduce Overdose Deaths

The number of unintentional overdose deaths in New York City (NYC) has increased for seven consecutive years. In 2017, there were 1,487 unintentional drug overdose deaths in NYC.

June 18, 2019

Electronic case reporting of STIs: Are non-existent codes the reason for missing information?

Under the CDC STD Surveillance Network (SSuN) Part B grant, WA DOH is testing eICR of sexually transmitted infections (STI) with a clinical partner. Existing standard vocabulary codes were identified to represent previously-identified information gaps, or the need for new codes or concepts was identified.


January 21, 2018

Using Electronic Health Records for Public Health Hypertension Surveillance

Hypertension (HTN) is a highly prevalent chronic condition and strongly associated with morbidity and mortality. HTN is amenable to prevention and control through public and population health programs and policies. Therefore, public and population health programs require accurate, stable estimates of disease prevalence, and estimating HTN prevalence at the community-level is acutely important for timely detection, intervention, and effective evaluation. Current surveillance methods for HTN rely upon community-based surveys, such as the BRFSS.

January 25, 2018

An Early Warning Surveillance Platform for Developing Countries

Early warning surveillance (EWS) is a key factor in the fight against tropical infectious diseases(1). However, the process of carrying out EWS is complex as it involves several actors and requires the use of diverse human, material and technological resources for data collection, analysis, and diffusion(2). Modern EWS systems make use of state of the art technologies and technics which require much financial input and adequate technological expertise for the users. More so, the culture and habits of users in DCs make it very difficult to run such EWS systems in this milieu.

August 22, 2018

Assessing Best Practices for Grouping and Analyzing Urgent Care Center (UCC) and Emergency Department (ED) Data Sources within Syndromic Surveillance Systems

The Florida Department of Health (FDOH) electronically receives both urgent care center (UCC) data and hospital emergency department (ED) data from health care facilities in 43 of its 67 counties through its Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE-FL). Each submitted record is assigned to one of eleven ESSENCE Syndrome categories based on parsing of chief complaint data. The UCC data come from 22 urgent care centers located in Central Florida, and the ED data come from 161 hospitals located across the state.

August 22, 2018

Clinical Versus Public Health Perceptions of Notifiable Disease Reporting Burden

The importance transmitting clinical information to public health for disease surveillance is well-documented. Conventional reporting processes require health care providers to complete paper-based notifiable condition reports which are transmitted by fax and mail to public health agencies. These processes result in incomplete reports, inconsistencies in reporting frequencies among different diseases and reporting delays as well as time-consuming follow-up by public health to get needed information.

August 22, 2018


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