Current assessment of risks of anthrax outbreaks in Ukraine

Anthrax is an acute especially dangerous infectious disease of animals and humans. Bacillus anthracis is a potential bioterrorism tool. In Ukraine, there are favorable natural conditions for the spread of anthrax. There are 13.5 thousand of constantly anthrax-troubled points. Anthrax epidemic situation in Ukraine could be characterized as unstable. Because of the continuing reform of Ukrainian human health entities, the State Sanitary Epidemiological Service (SSES) has lost its control functions and is remaining in an uncertain state, which increases possible risks.

September 07, 2017

Socio-environmental and measurement factors drive variation in influenza-like illness

Traditional infectious disease epidemiology is built on the foundation of high quality and high accuracy data on disease and behavior. Digital infectious disease epidemiology, on the other hand, uses existing digital traces, re-purposing them to identify patterns in health-related processes. Medical claims are an emerging digital data source in surveillance; they capture patient-level data across an entire population of healthcare seekers, and have the benefits of medical accuracy through physician diagnoses, and fine spatial and temporal resolution in near real-time.

August 10, 2017

Agent-based investigation of sexually transmitted infection

Every year nearly 12 million new cases of syphilis in the world are registered. Currently, in many countries of the world the stabilization or even reduction of the incidence of syphilis is marked, but this does not apply to Ukraine.

May 26, 2017

Assessing local risk factors of Beijing Hand-Foot- Mouth Disease in China

Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood illness and the drivers of HFMD incidence are still not clear [1]. In mainland China, continuing and increasing HFMD epidemics have been recorded since 2008, causing millions of infections and hundreds of deaths annually. In Beijing, 28,667 cases were reported in 2015 and the incidence was 133.28/100,000. The variations in Beijing HFMD epidemics over population, space, and time that have been revealed [2] emphasize the need for further research about risk factors of HFMD occurrence.

May 26, 2017

Houston Health Department’s response to the threat of Zika virus

Zika virus spread quickly through South and Central America in 2015. The City of Houston saw its first travel-related Zika cases in December of 2015. On January 29th, the City held the first planning meeting with regional partners from healthcare, blood banks, petrochemical companies, mosquito control, and others. Additionally the City activated Incident Command Structure (ICS) and designated the Public Health Authority as the Incident Commander.

July 06, 2017

Analysis of Daily Enhanced Syndromic Surveillance in Hillsborough County, FL, 2015

The Florida Department of Health in Hillsborough County (FDOH- Hillsborough) conducts enhanced syndromic surveillance on a daily basis. The Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics in Florida (ESSENCE-FL) is the syndromic surveillance system used by epidemiologists within the Florida Department of Health (FDOH). During the time of this study, ESSENCE-FL receives data from 210 of emergency departments (ED) and 33 urgent care centers (UCC) throughout the state of Florida, including 12 EDs and 3 UCCs in Hillsborough County.

July 11, 2017

Using Syndromic Surveillance Alert Protocols for Epidemiologic Response in Georgia

DPH uses its State Electronic Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (SendSS) Syndromic Surveillance (SS) Module to collect, analyze and display results of emergency department patient chief complaint data from hospitals throughout Georgia.

Objective

Describe how the Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) uses syndromic surveillance to initiate review by District Epidemiologists (DEs) to events that may warrant a public health response (1).

August 26, 2017

Lead Poisoning Surveillance: A Collaborative Effort between Epidemiology and WIC

There is no safe level of lead in the body, and elevated lead in children can lead to decreased Intelligence Quotients (IQ) and behavioral problems. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends lead testing of children with a positive risk assessment. Children who live in low socioeconomic areas may be at higher risk for lead exposure. As recent events have shown, having an elevated lead poisoning surveillance system can be critical to ensure that there is not a community-wide lead exposure.

July 12, 2017

Mass Gathering Surveillance: New ESSENCE Report and Collaboration Win Gold in OR

The 2016 U.S. Olympic Track and Field Team Trials were held July 1-10 in Eugene, OR. This mass gathering included over 1,000 athletes, 1,500 volunteers, and 175,000 spectators. The Oregon Public Health Division (PHD) and Lane County Public Health (LCPH) participated in pre-event planning and collaborated to produce a daily epidemiology report for the Incident Management Team (IMT) during the event. The state and county public health agencies had collaborated on surveillance for prior mass gatherings, including the 2012 Trials.

July 16, 2017

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