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Comparison of National and Local Syndromic Surveillance Data - Cook County, IL, 2017

In 2005, the Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) began using the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) as an emergency department (ED)-based local syndromic surveillance program (LSSP); 23 (100%) of 23 hospitals in suburban Cook County report to the LSSP. Data are transmitted in delimited ASCII text files (i.e., flat files) and contain a unique patient identifier, visit date and time, zip code, age, sex, and chief complaint. Discharge diagnosis and disposition are optional data elements.

January 21, 2018

Correlation of Tweets Mentioning Influenza Illness and Traditional Surveillance Data

The use of social media as a syndromic sentinel for diseases is an emerging field of growing relevance as the public begins to share more online, particularly in the area of influenza. Several applications have been developed to predict or monitor influenza activity using publicly posted or self-reported online data; however, few have prioritized accuracy at the local level. In 2016, the Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) collected localized Twitter information to evaluate its utility as a potential influenza sentinel data source.

January 21, 2018

Disproportionate Emergency Room Use as an Indicator of Community Health

Community health assessments are a foundation of public health practice and a prerequisite to achieving public health accreditation. Best practice dictates that CHAs must incorporate qualitative and quantitative data and utilize a number of indicators to create a detailed picture of a community’s health. Metrics may describe demographics, social and economic factors, health behaviors, health outcomes, and healthcare access and utilization. Commonly used indicators facilitate cross-jurisdiction comparisons and simplify decisionmaking.

August 28, 2017

Utility of Syndromic Surveillance in Detecting Potential Human Exposures to Rabies

Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can prevent fatal encephalitis associated with exposure to the rabies virus. However, overuse and inappropriate administration of rabies PEP are common.1 Mandatory reporting of potential rabies exposures provides opportunities for public health practitioners to monitor the appropriateness of PEP administration and offer recommendations. In Illinois, potential human exposure to rabies, including any person started on PEP and any person with contact to a bat, must be reported to the local health authority.

September 28, 2017

Contact Us

NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org

 

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