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Comparison of National and Local Syndromic Surveillance Data - Cook County, IL, 2017

In 2005, the Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) began using the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) as an emergency department (ED)-based local syndromic surveillance program (LSSP); 23 (100%) of 23 hospitals in suburban Cook County report to the LSSP. Data are transmitted in delimited ASCII text files (i.e., flat files) and contain a unique patient identifier, visit date and time, zip code, age, sex, and chief complaint. Discharge diagnosis and disposition are optional data elements.

January 21, 2018

Correlation of Tweets Mentioning Influenza Illness and Traditional Surveillance Data

The use of social media as a syndromic sentinel for diseases is an emerging field of growing relevance as the public begins to share more online, particularly in the area of influenza. Several applications have been developed to predict or monitor influenza activity using publicly posted or self-reported online data; however, few have prioritized accuracy at the local level. In 2016, the Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) collected localized Twitter information to evaluate its utility as a potential influenza sentinel data source.

January 21, 2018

Using R Shiny to Share Surveillance Data

Presented November 21, 2017.

This presentation covers how the shiny package can complement traditional surveillance reporting through online, interactive applications. Kelley demonstrates a shiny application Cook County is currently using to share influenza data and walks through the steps she took to make the application and lessons learned. She reviews portions of the code available on Github here: https://github.com/kb230557/Flu_Shiny_App.

November 21, 2017

Disproportionate Emergency Room Use as an Indicator of Community Health

Community health assessments are a foundation of public health practice and a prerequisite to achieving public health accreditation. Best practice dictates that CHAs must incorporate qualitative and quantitative data and utilize a number of indicators to create a detailed picture of a community’s health. Metrics may describe demographics, social and economic factors, health behaviors, health outcomes, and healthcare access and utilization. Commonly used indicators facilitate cross-jurisdiction comparisons and simplify decisionmaking.

August 28, 2017

Place Matters: Revealing Infectious Disease Disparities Using Area-Based Poverty

Most public health surveillance systems in the United States do not capture individual-level measures of socioeconomic position. Without this information, socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes can be hidden. However, US Census data can be used to describe neighborhood-level socioeconomic conditions like poverty and crowding. Place matters. Neighborhood affects health independently of personal characteristics.

September 01, 2017

Utility of Syndromic Surveillance in Detecting Potential Human Exposures to Rabies

Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can prevent fatal encephalitis associated with exposure to the rabies virus. However, overuse and inappropriate administration of rabies PEP are common.1 Mandatory reporting of potential rabies exposures provides opportunities for public health practitioners to monitor the appropriateness of PEP administration and offer recommendations. In Illinois, potential human exposure to rabies, including any person started on PEP and any person with contact to a bat, must be reported to the local health authority.

September 28, 2017

Using Online Applications with R to Share Surveillance Data

Since 2009, the Cook County Department of Public Health (CCDPH) has created and disseminated weekly surveillance reports to share seasonal influenza data with the community and our healthcare partners. Surveillance data is formatted into tables and graphs using Microsoft Excel, pasted into a Word document, and shared via email listserv and our website in PDF format.

February 27, 2018

Contact Us

NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org

 

This website is supported by Cooperative Agreement # 6NU38OT000297-02-01 Strengthening Public Health Systems and Services through National Partnerships to Improve and Protect the Nation's Health between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on private websites.

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