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Tool for Detection of Spatio-temporal Clusters of Legionellosis in Toronto: The Legionella Alert Mapping Program (LAMP)


Legionellosis is a respiratory disease that can lead to serious illness such as pneumonia, and can even result in death. Since 2010, increased reports of legionellosis have been received in Toronto during the summer months and led to a five-fold increase by 2012. This underscored the need to rule out common sources through a rapid assessment of exposure data (i.e., locations visited) for any spatio-temporal links. Legionella bacteria from a single source can affect individuals at distances as great as 10 km (1) but dispersion of Legionella bacteria is generally within 1 km of the source (2). This information was used to describe an area of potential risk around each exposure location. Adding temporal information from dates of potential exposures could provide a useful tool for outbreak detection. An automated tool was developed to link spatial and temporal data to assess need for further follow up.


To develop an outbreak detection tool which uses spatial information related to temporally clustered legionellosis cases reported in Toronto, Canada.

Submitted by elamb on