Syndromic Surveillance Analysis & Interpretation

Presented January 31, 2018

 

David Swenson presented the following slides during the 2018 ISDS Annual Conference in Orlando, Florida. This presentation provides a use case for developing and implementing surveillance prodocols to conduct public health monitoring, analyze data collected, and engage partners/leadership in follow-up procedures.

 

Presenter: David Swenson, AHEDD Project Manager, Infectious Disease Surveillance Section DPHS, DHHS, New Hampshire

January 26, 2019

A provincial Acute Febrile Illness Surveillance Network (GAFINet), South Korea

In May 2015, the MERS-CoV outbreaks in South Korea was sparkled from a hospital of Gyeonggi-do province. In response to this outbreak, the provincial government and infectious disease control center (GIDCC) initiated an emergency department (ED) based Gyeonggi-do provincial acute febrile illness (AFI) surveillance network (GAFINet) to monitor for a subsequent outbreak of emerging or imported infectious diseases since September 2016. Gyeonggi-do province is located in the North-West of South Korea, surrounds the capital city Seoul, and borders North Korea (Figure 1).

January 19, 2018

Syndromic surveillance in religious festival involving circumambulation in India

Panchkroshi yatra is an annual ritual of circumambulation (yatra) of temples (Mahadevs) and 100,000 devotees walk for around 15 miles per day for six days and cover a total of 73 miles to worship important Mahadevs. The festival is held every year at the city of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, Central India. The yatra attracts large number of pilgrims especially from rural areas and usually women outnumber men. During the yatra, the pilgrims halt at several places and prepare their food in outdoors.

January 21, 2018

HL7 balloting process for the Implementation Guide for Syndromic Surveillance

Syndromic surveillance seeks to systematically leverage health-related data in near "real-time" to understand the health of communities at the local, state, and federal level. The product of this process provides statistical insight on disease trends and healthcare utilization behaviors at the community level which can be used to support essential surveillance functions in governmental public health authorities (PHAs).

January 25, 2018

Creation of a Technical Tool to Improve Syndromic Surveillance Onboarding in Tennessee

Syndromic surveillance is commonly supported by information generated from electronic health record (EHR) systems and sent to public health via standardized messaging. Before public health can receive syndromic surveillance information from an EHR, a healthcare provider must demonstrate reliable and timely generation of messages according to national standards. This process is known as onboarding. Onboarding at the Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) focused heavily on human review of HL7 messages.

January 25, 2018

Syndromic Surveillance on the Mental Health Impact of Political Rallies in Charlottesville, Virginia

As part of a wide-spread community discussion on the presence of monuments to Confederate Civil War figures, the Charlottesville city council voted to remove a statue of General Robert E. Lee. Multiple rallies were then held to protest the statue’s removal. A Ku Klux Klan (KKK) rally on July 8, 2017 (MMWR Week 27) and a Unite the Right rally on August 12, 2017 (MMWR Week 32) held in Charlottesville both resulted in violence and media attention. The violence associated with the Unite the Right rally included fatalities connected to motor vehicle and helicopter crashes.

January 19, 2018

Field Team Syndromic Surveillance for Mass Gatherings: NCAA Final Four 2017

Final Four-associated events culminated in four days of intense activity from 3/31/17-4/3/17, which attracted an estimated 400,000 visitors to Maricopa County (population 4.2 million). Field teams of staff and volunteers were deployed to three days of Music Fest, four days of Fan Fest, and three Final Four games (Games) as part of an enhanced epidemiologic surveillance system.

Objective:

January 21, 2018

Beginner R methods for syndromic surveillance data validation

There are currently 123 healthcare facilities sending data to the Washington (WA) State syndromic surveillance program. Of these facilities, 30 are sending to the National Syndromic Surveillance Program'™s (NSSP) production environment. The remainder are undergoing validation or in queue for validation. Given the large number of WA healthcare facilities awaiting validation, staff within the state syndromic surveillance program developed methods in R to reduce the amount of time required to validate data from an individual facility.

Objective:

January 25, 2018

Developing and Validating a Fireworks-Related Syndrome Definition in Kansas

Across the U.S.A., multiple people seek treatment for fireworks-related injuries around the July 4th holiday. Syndromic surveillance in Kansas allows for near real-time analysis of the injuries occurring during the firework selling season. During the 2017 July 4th holiday, the Kansas Syndromic Surveillance Program (KSSP) production data feed received data from 88 EDs at excellent quality and timeliness. Previous and current firework safety messaging in Kansas is dependent on voluntary reporting from hospitals across the state.

January 25, 2018

Using Drug Overdose Syndromic Surveillance Data to Impact Local Public Health Action

Since 2008, drug overdose deaths exceeded the number of motor vehicle traffic-related deaths in Indiana and the gap continues to widen1. As the opioid crisis rages on in the United States the federal government is providing funding opportunities to states, but it often takes years for best practices to be developed, shared, and published. Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) has developed a standard process for monitoring and alerting local health partners of increases in drug overdoses captured in Indiana’s syndromic surveillance system (ESSENCE).

January 21, 2018

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