Environmental Surveillance and Vaccine Derived Polio Virus type 2 Isolation, Gombe State, Nigeria.

Nigeria is the only country in Africa yet to be certified free of Wild Polio Virus (WPV). The country consists of 36 States and a Federal Capital Territory. Gombe is one of the 19 Polio high risk States in the North-eastern geo-political zone of the country. The last case of WPV isolated in Gombe State was in 2013. One of the strategies for Polio eradication is a sensitive Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) surveillance system in which any AFP is promptly detected and timely investigated.

June 18, 2019

Polio Endgame: Innovations in Surveillance

Background: Provides a definition of eradication and of the disease: that it affects mostly children, results in paralysis in some cases and is preventable through vaccination. 

The disease is nearly eradicated, but remains in three countries, which reported 22 cases in 2017. Eradication practices continue with 400 million vaccinations annually. 

Surveillance: Virus detection activities currently take place in 70 countries to both detect new cases and gain evidence for certification of eradication.  

Innovations in environmental surveillance are detailed. 

 

June 28, 2019

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NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org

 

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