Unintentional Drug Overdoses in Virginia: Analysis of Syndromic and Death Data

Drug overdoses and related deaths have been escalating nationally since 1970. In Virginia, the rate of drug overdose deaths increased 36% from 5.0 to 6.8 deaths per 100,000 population between 1999 and 2010. While initiated for bioterrorism event detection, syndromic surveillance has shown utility when extended to other health issues. ED visits may complement information from Overdose Deaths investigated by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) in describing drug overdose trends.

November 06, 2017

Surveillance for Opioid Overdose in the Veterans Health Administration, 2004-2014

Drug poisoning, or overdose, is an epidemic problem in the United States1,2. In keeping with national trends, a recent study combining U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) data with the National Death Index showed increases in opioid overdose mortality from 2001 to 20093. One of the challenges in monitoring the overdose epidemic is that collecting cohort data to analyze overdose rates can be laborintensive. Moreover, analysts are often unable to collect real-time data on overdose events.

December 03, 2017

Using NC DETECT for Comprehensive Morbidity Surveillance on Poisoning and Overdose

A retrospective analysis of emergency department data in NC for drug and opioid overdoses has been explained previously [1]. We built on this initial work to develop new poisoning and surveillance reports to facilitate near real time surveillance by health department and hospital users. In North Carolina, the availability for mortality and hospital discharge data are approximately one and two years after the event date, respectively.

December 20, 2017

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