Field-based Evaluation of Malaria Outbreak Detection & Response, Mudzi and Goromonzi

Infectious disease outbreaks, such as the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, highlight the need for surveillance systems to quickly detect outbreaks and provide data to prevent future pandemics. The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool to conduct country-level assessments of surveillance capacity. However, considering that outbreaks begin and are first detected at the local level, national-level evaluations may fail to identify capacity improvements for outbreak detection.

June 18, 2019

Outbreak Observatory: Conducting operational research during outbreaks to improve preparedness and response

Presented June 27, 2018.

During this presentation, researchers discussed how Outbreak Observatory, a pilot project initiated by the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, facilitated the conduct of real-time operational research during outbreak responses, helping to improve outbreak preparedness and response capabilities.

Presenters

Jennifer Nuzzo, DrPH, Senior Scholar 
Matthew Shearer, MPH, Research Associate 
Diane Meyer, RN, MPH, Research Associate 

June 27, 2018

Outbreak Report: Opioid-Related Overdose - Huntington, West Virginia, August 2016

This report, published January 27, 2017 by the Office of Epidemiology and Prevention Services with the West Virginia Department of Health & Human Resources, is an outbreak report developed in response to an opioid-related overdose incident that occured in Huntington, West Virginia on August 15, 2016.

May 24, 2017

Promoting and supporting wildlife surveillance for zoonotic pathogens in Rwanda

Rwanda government's leadership in embracing One health approach to mitigate and control infectious diseases can be a huge lesson to other developing countries to do the same with astounding results.

September 28, 2017

Qatar experience on MERS-CoV One Health Surveillance and Response, 2012 - 2015

The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) in 2012 had placed a great concern on the public health institutions globally and in particular in the Arab region. The gaps in knowledge related to the novel virus put the healthcare systems in Qatar and the entire region in critical position amid growing concerns that this virus might take a deadly pattern. As the second reported case in Qatar had a documented relationship with animals, veterinary and environmental health sectors were invited to join the national outbreak control taskforce.

October 05, 2017

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in Lagos, Nigeria; 2014: an Epidemiological Investigation

West Africa recently experienced the most persistent epidemic of EVD recorded in history. The reported morbidity and mortality of the highly virulent, emerging zoonotic filovirus infection is far larger than all previous epidemics combined. Its spread to Nigeria (Africa’s most populous country) and to densely populated Lagos (a city in Nigeria with approximate combined population of Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia) raised significant public health concern. The Federal Ministry of Health was notified of a suspected case of viral haemorrhagic fever on the 22nd July, 2014.

August 28, 2017

Ebola Virus Disease Surveillance and Response Preparedness in Northern Ghana

The recent Ebola outbreak has been described as unprecedented and its public health impact in terms of morbidity, mortality and coverage has been far greater than previously experienced. This outbreak has revealed many weaknesses and inadequacies for disease surveillance and response systems in Africa due to underqualified staff, cultural beliefs and sometimes, lack of trust for formal health care sector performance. Since 2014, Ghana had high risk of seeing EVD cases.

Objective

August 28, 2017

Early Estimation of the Basic Reproduction Number Using Minimal Outbreak Data

The basic reproduction number represents the number of secondary infections expected to be caused by an infectious individual introduced into an entirely susceptible population. It is a fundamental measure used to characterize infectious disease outbreaks and is essential in developing mathematical models to determine appropriate interventions. Much work has been done to investigate methods for estimating the basic reproduction number during the early stages of infectious disease outbreaks.

August 28, 2017

Assessing the Work Practices and Information Needs of Disease Investigators

Investigation of cases, clusters, and outbreaks of infectious disease is a complex process requiring substantial support from protocols, distributed and cooperative work, and information systems. We set out to identify public health information needs, the types of data required to meet these needs, and the potential alignment with visualizations of this data.

Objective

September 25, 2017

Cholera Public Health Surveillance System in Cameroon

Effective infectious disease public health surveillance systems are often lacking in resource poor settings. In response, the World Health Organization (WHO) put forword recommnded standards for public health surveillence.[1] Following the recommendations, the WHO Regional Office for Africa (AFRO) in 1998 proposed the Integrated Dieases Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy for the prompt detection and response to key communicable diseases in the African region.[2,3] In 2003, Cameroon adopted the IDSR-strategy to fortify surveillance in the country.

October 10, 2017

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