Assessing Prior Pain Visits and Medical History Risk Factors for Opioid Overdose

Opioid overdoses are a growing cause of mortality in the United States. Medical prescriptions for opioids are a risk factor for overdose. This observation raises concerns that patients may seek multiple opioid prescriptions, possibly increasing their overdose risk. One route for obtaining those prescriptions is visiting the emergency department (ED) for pain-related complaints. Here, two hypotheses related to prescription seeking and overdoses are tested. (1) Overdose patients have a larger number of prior ED visits than matched controls.

January 21, 2018

Primer: Opioid-related Public Health Emergency Declarations

This Primer, published by the Network for Public Health Law on November 17, 2017, and updated on August 1, 2018, on Opioid-related Public Health Emergencies provides key information and visual snapshots of federal, state, tribal, and local emergency declarations in response to the opioid crisis across the U.S. 

November 30, 2017

The Opioid Epidemic: From Evidence to Impact

Released October 2017. Prepared by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Clinton Foundation, Clinton Health Matters Initiative.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY EXCERPT

November 13, 2017

Editorial - Fentanyl in the US heroin supply: A rapidly changing risk environment

From the Special Edition of the International Journal of Drug Policy: US Heroin in Transition: Supply Changes, Fentanyl Adulteration and Consequences, August 2017, Volume 46, pp 107-111.

Abstract

September 07, 2017

Fact Sheet: Declared States of Emergency - Opioid Crisis

High rates of morbidity and mortality among Americans related to opioid use constitute a public health epidemic, leading multiple jurisdictions to declare formal states of emergency or public health emergency. Declaring a state of emergency grants states and localities additional resources to address the epidemic immediately. The Fact Sheet, developed by the Network for Public Health Law and released July 20, 2017, provides a brief summary of the emergency declarations in six states.

May 24, 2017

Legal Interventions to Reduce Overdose Mortality: Naloxone Access and Overdose Good Samaritan Laws

This resource, developed by the Network for Public Health Law and released on June 8, 2017, summarizes state naloxone access and Good Samaritan laws.

Background

June 08, 2017

Opioid Surveillance Webinar Series #1: Rapid surveillance of overdose morbidity - Developing case definitions, building queries, and analyzing results

This is the first installment of the ISDS Opioid Surveillance Webinar Series, June - July, 2017. Click here for Part 2 of the Opioid Surveillance Webinar Series and here for Part 3.

 

June 15, 2017

Opioid Surveillance Webinar Series #2: Challenges and Implications of Postmarketing Surveillance of Prescription Opioids

This is the second installment of the ISDS Opioid Surveillance Webinar Series, June - July, 2017. Click here for Part 1 of the Opioid Surveillance Webinar Series and here for Part 3.

 

June 29, 2017

A Second Chance: Overdose Prevention, Naloxone, and Human Rights in the United States

This report, published April 2017 from Human Rights Watch, explores measures required for an effective program to prevent opioid overdose deaths and current legal, policy and other challenges to be addressed.

January 02, 2018

Pages

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