Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza outbreaks in Ghana.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) subtype H5N1 virus causes a highly contagious disease in poultry with up to 100% mortality and occasionally causes sporadic human infection. The first outbreak of HPAI H5N1 in Africa was reported in Nigeria in 2006 and has since been reported in seven other African countries with confirmed human cases and outbreaks in poultry.

June 18, 2019

A Tool for Promoting Responsible Antibiotic Prescribing across Settings and Sectors

Antibiotic resistance is a mounting public health threat calling for action on global, national and local levels. Antibiotic use has been a major driver of increasing rates of antibiotic resistance. This has given rise to the practice of antibiotic stewardship, which seeks to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use across different care settings. Antibiotic stewardship has been increasingly applied in hospital settings, but adoption has been slow in many ambulatory care settings including primary care of humans. Uptake of antibiotic stewardship in veterinary care has been similarly limited.

June 18, 2019

Data Science, Analytics and Collaboration for a Biosurveillance Ecosystem

After the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Defense indicated œbiodefense would include emerging infectious disease. In response, DTRA launched an initiative for an innovative, rapidly emerging capability to enable real-time biosurveillance for early warning and course of action analysis. Through competitive prototyping, DTRA selected Digital Infuzion to develop the platform and next generation analytics.

June 18, 2019

Surveillance on Arboviral Infections in Georgia by using One Health Approach

Arbovirus infections are causing enormous global burden, while their geographic distribution expands and affects new regions and areas. West Nile virus (WNV), one of the most important pathogens among arboviruses, was historically associated with causing mild febrile illness, however, after the outbreak occurred in the North America, which caused more severe illness, it has received wider recognition.

June 18, 2019

Integrated West Nile Virus Surveillance in Harris County, Texas, 2003 to 2018

West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of autochthonous arboviral disease in the United States. The virus is primarily spread to people through the bite of infected Culex species of mosquitos. WNV was first identified in Harris County, Texas, in 20022. Since then, the mosquito-borne virus has become endemic in the region, with surges in 2012 and 2014. Although majority of individuals infected are asymptomatic, WNV induced neuroinvasive infections often result in hospitalizations and adverse outcomes3-7, thus may pose a significant concern in public health and healthcare.

June 18, 2019

Improving Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response Capacity in Guinea, 2015-2018

The 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in Guinea revealed systematic weaknesses in the existing disease surveillance system. The lack of public health workers adequately trained in Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) contributed to underreporting of cases and problems with data completeness, accuracy, and reliability. These data quality issues resulted in difficulty assessing the epidemic's scale and distribution and hindered the control effort (McNamara, 2016; Bell, 2016).

June 18, 2019

Working in One Health

Presented November 2, 2018.

Learn more about what it's like to be a working professional in One Health! A great opportunity for students and other individuals new to One Health.

Hosted by ISDS for the Johns Hopkins One Health Student Organization in celebration of One Health Day (Nov. 3).

November 02, 2018

CIPARS Surveillance and Research Highlights

Presented August 3, 2018.

The Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS) is an integrated One Health surveillance program that has been operating and evolving since 2002. The basic structure of the program will be presented as well as recent surveillance and research successes and challenges.

Presenter

E. Jane Parmley, DVM, PhD, Veterinary Epidemiologist, Public Health Agency of Canada and Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative 

August 03, 2018

Executing a One Health approach during a zoonotic outbreak response

The One Health paradigm emphasizes cooperation and interdisciplinary collaboration to promote health and well-being among people, animals and the environment. Though the concept of One Health has been around since the 1800’s, the phrase “One Health” was more recently coined, and projects are being developed globally under its sponsorship. Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) has been working at a local level to enhance its One Health surveillance efforts and partnerships.

January 19, 2018

Molecular Characterization of Salmonella spp. from Cattle and Chicken Farms in Uganda

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major concern in developing countries. Uganda is one of many developing countries that are beginning to implement a surveillance program countrywide to monitor AMR within the animal, environmental, and human sectors. Not only is there a concern for AMR, but the emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR) of Salmonella is also becoming a major One Health problem. Few new drugs are being produced. When current treatments fail, new antimicrobials for treatment of these microorganisms are limited.

January 19, 2018

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