Problems Of Epidemiological Surveillance Of West Nile Fever In Ukraine

Flaviviridae are one of the most widespread arboviruses in Ukraine. Mosquitoes are vectors of WNF in a majority of cases due to bites during swimming, fishing, work in suburban areas and outdoor recreation without use of individual protection from mosquitoes. A study of the species composition of bloodsucking mosquitoes is conducted in Ukraine. Existence of natural foci of WNF viruses has been well-proven all over the territory of Ukraine by testing IgG antibodies in different groups of population, including children.

January 25, 2018

Estimated range of Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti in the United States, 2017

CDC has updated the estimated range maps for Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes by using a model that predicts possible geographic ranges for these mosquitoes in the contiguous United States. The model used county-level records, historical records, and suitable climate variables to predict the likelihood (very low, low, moderate, or high) that these mosquitoes could survive and reproduce if introduced to an area during the months when mosquitoes are locally active. Maps are not meant to represent risk for spread of any specific disease

October 13, 2017

Developing a Transdiciplinary Database Template for Operationalization of One Health Surveillance of Japanese Encephalitis and Other Vector Borne Diseases in India

Vector borne diseases like Japanese Encephalitis (JE) result from the convergence of multiple factors, including, but not limited to, human, animal, environmental, and economic and social determinants. Thus, to combat these problems, it is essential to have a systematic understanding of drivers and determinants based on a surveillance system that systematically gathers and analyzes data emanating from across multiple disciplines.

September 29, 2017

Support Vector Subset Scan for Spatial Outbreak Detection

Neill’s fast subset scan2 detects significant spatial patterns of disease by efficiently maximizing a log-likelihood ratio statistic over subsets of locations, but may result in patterns that are not spatially compact. The penalized fast subset scan (PFSS)3 provides a flexible framework for adding soft constraints to the fast subset scan, rewarding or penalizing inclusion of individual points into a cluster with additive point-specific penalty terms.

August 10, 2017

Dengue, Chikungunya & Zika Virus in VA Caribbean HCS, Nov. 2015-Aug. 2016

DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV are all transmitted by mosquitoes and have occurred in outbreaks in the Caribbean. Common symptoms (which can be severe and disabling) are similar among the 3 viruses and include fever, joint pain/swelling, headache, muscle pain and rash. In December 2015, the first endemic case of ZIKV infection was reported by VACHS. Since that time, an increasing number of ZIKV infections have been reported in Puerto Rico. Due to the growing ZIKV outbreak, we performed ongoing testing and surveillance.

Objective

September 07, 2017

An Integrated Mosquito Surveillance Module in New York State

There were several stand-alone vector surveillance applications being used by the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) to support the reporting of mosquito, bird, and mammal surveillance and infection information implemented in early 2000s in response to West Nile virus. In subsequent years, the Electronic Clinical Laboratory Reporting System (ECLRS) and the Communicable Disease Electronic Surveillance System (CDESS) were developed and integrated to be used for surveillance and investigations of human infectious diseases and management of outbreaks.

July 10, 2017

Enhanced Aedes spp. surveillance across jurisdictions in Arizona’s border region

As part of a statewide effort to enhance surveillance for Aedes spp.mosquitoes the Office of Border Health (OBH) took the lead inproviding technical assistance on surveillance in counties bordering Mexico. In 2016, OBH sought ways to enhance surveillance in a wider geographic area. Trap locations closer to the border were established as a priority, given high amount of traffic across the international line, high border Aedesmosquito activity, and native cases of dengue reported at the border in Mexico.

Objective

July 27, 2017

A Multidisciplinary One Health Approach to Mosquito Management

Large mosquito outbreaks mysteriously began to recur annually in Western Kentucky beginning in 2011. With up to 30 bites/minute in urban areas, these outbreaks warranted Governor-declared public health emergencies requiring expensive ($2 million each) aerial insecticide applications over 300,000 – 700,000 acres of populated area. The economic impact was also significant because the area, with large reservoirs managed by the TVA, is one of Kentucky’s most important tourist destinations.

September 25, 2017

Dengue hemorrhagic fever One Health Surveillance approach effectiveness in Saudi Arabia

Dengue hemorraghic fever (DHF) is affecting more than 50 million people globally and still remains a persistent public health challenge in Saudi Arabia [1]. Althougth there has been available financial resource, limitations and deficiencies in integrated DHF control management strategy implementation and surveillance capacity have hindered the effective implementation of recommended WHO and Global One Health (OH) strategic guidelines and measures in DHF control and elimination in remotes urban and rural settings in Saudi Arabia[1, 2].

September 25, 2017

Dengue Outbreak in Punjab, Pakistan, 2011; Foundation for One Health Approach

During  2011, dengue fever emerged as a serious public health problem in Punjab, Pakistan. This crisis highlighted gaping holes in the health system. It was realized that the present system is unlikely to have the capacity in responding to an emergency of this magnitude. Since 1994, the cases of dengue fever are being frequently reported in different regions of Pakistan. However, this deadly attack of dengue virus exposed the government’s weaknesses in handling emergencies.

September 25, 2017

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