Time Series Analysis of Infectious Disease Mortality in Ukraine (1965-2015)

Monitoring of long-term infectious disease mortality trends is of great value to national public health systems both in estimation of the efficacy of preventive programs, and in development of the new strategies of preventive measures. In the developed countries, there are a number of studies with long-term time series of infectious disease mortality analysis in epidemiological and historical aspects. Our research was based on the work by Armstrong GL, Conn LA and Pinner RW, 1999. Literature review revealed that such analysis has been never carried out in Ukraine up to now.

June 18, 2019

Adolescent prescription opioid misuse, illicit opioid use and overdose

The number of overdose deaths involving illicit opioids such as heroin and illicitly-manufactured fentanyl (IMF) is now higher than deaths involving prescription opioids. Adolescents misusing prescription opioids are more likely to use heroin. Although nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NUPO) among adolescents is decreasing, there is still relatively high prevalence of this behavior.

June 18, 2019

Mortality surveillance in the Netherlands: severity of winter 2016/2017

The mortality monitoring system (initiated in 2009 during the influenza A(H1N1) pandemic) is a collaboration between the Centre for Infectious Disease Control (CIb) of National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) and Statistics Netherlands. The system monitors nation-wide reported number of deaths (population size 2017: 17 million) from all causes, as cause of death information is not available real-time. Data is received from Statistics Netherlands by weekly emails.

Objective:

January 21, 2018

Study of The Mortality of Vaccine-Preventable Infections In Ukraine (1965– 2015)

Infectious diseases are still the cause of a large number of deaths in Ukraine. Analysis of infectious mortality allows the study of the dynamics of diseases that pose the greatest danger. In particular, those that are vaccine-preventable and suggest more effective methods for organizing an epidemic surveillance system.

Objective:

January 25, 2018

Mortality Monitoring in the Netherlands

The mortality monitoring system was initiated in August 2009 during the influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. It is a collaboration between the Centre for Infectious Disease Control (CIb) and Statistics Netherlands. The system monitors nation-wide reported number of deaths (population: 16.8 million) from all causes, as cause of death information is not available real-time. Data is received from Statistics Netherlands by weekly emails.

Objective

April 28, 2019

Risk of Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in Relation to Temperature

Extreme temperatures are consistently shown to have an effect on CVD-related mortality [1, 2]. A large multi-city study of mortality demonstrated a cold-day and hot-day weather effect on CVD-related deaths, with the larger impact occurring on the coldest days [3]. In contrast, the association between weather and CVD-related morbidity is less clear [4, 5]. The purpose of this study is to characterize the effect of temperature on CVD-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and mortality on a large, heterogeneous population.

July 05, 2018

Surveillance of Heat-related Morbidity: Relation to Heat-related Excess Mortality

The impact of heat on mortality is well documented but deaths tend to lag extreme heat and mortality data is generally not available for timely surveillance during heat waves. Recently, systems for near-real time surveillance of heat illness have been reported but have not been validated as predictors of heat related mortality. In this study, we examined the associations among weather, indicators of heat-related ambulance calls and emergency department visits and excess natural cause mortality in New York City.

 

Objective

July 02, 2018

An Early Warning System for Pneumonia and Influenza Mortality in Taiwan

Influenza is a serious disease that seasonality causes substantial but varying morbidity and mortality. In Taiwan, estimates of the influenza mortality burden were based on post-hoc analyses of national mortality statistics and not available until at least six months after the corresponding epidemic. Timely monitoring and early detection of influenza-associated excess mortality can guide antiviral or vaccine interventions and help healthcare capacity planning.

May 02, 2019

Using Syndromic Surveillance to assist in a meningitis outbreak investigation

Beginning on March 13, 2011, ACDC experienced an unusual increase in reported bacterial meningitis cases in Los Angeles (LA) County. Early in the investigation, there were few epidemiological links between the cases. Three cases were homeless; two resided at the same Skid Row shelter in downtown LA. ACDC assessed its syndromic surveillance databases to help gauge the scope of the outbreak and detect potentially overlooked cases.

Objective

May 02, 2019

Six years of cardiac database management: the impact on clinical practice

Cardiothoracic surgery quality improvement is a core value of healthcare provision. In order to improve quality of care, information on key indicators needs to be systematically collected and maintained.In 2006, thecardiothoracic department at AgaKhan University developed an infrastructure that would enable us to answer the more challenging research queries in cardiac surgery practice.

May 02, 2019

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