Utilization of EMR data for public health surveillance and situational awareness during the 2010 Haiti Earthquake; a preliminary assessment

During responses, an electronic medical record (EMR) allows federal emergency response staff to view and evaluate near real-time clinical encounter data. Analysis of EMR patient data can enhance situational awareness and provide decision advantage for headquarters' staff during both domestic and international events. The EMR was utilized by field medical personnel during the response to the Haiti earthquake.


To describe some uses of EMR data for surveillance and situational awareness during disaster response.

May 02, 2019

OutbreakMD: tracking and identifying disease outbreaks in post-earthquake Haiti

HealthMap is a real-time disease epidemic intelligence tracking and visualization system that collects information from general news media, individual first-hand reports and public health sources around the world. Gaps in this effort clearly occur during times of crisis where traditional mechanisms may be dismantled. Clinical information gathered by deployed physicians can play a key role in providing early insight on emerging public health threats.

June 25, 2019

Evaluation of a post earthquake internally displaced persons surveillance system (IDPSS) - Haiti, 2010

On January 12, 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti, killing 4230 000 persons and placing an estimated 1.5 million into internally displaced persons (IDP) camps. IDPs are at increased risk for communicable diseases resulting from unhealthy living conditions. The Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP) established the internally displaced persons surveillance system (IDPSS) to detect outbreaks and characterize disease trends within these camps.

June 26, 2019

Adapting a syndromic biosurveillance system to monitor veterans’ health impact associated with the gulf coast oil spill

On 20 April 2010, an explosion on an offshore drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico led to a prolonged uncontrolled release of crude oil. Both clean-up workers and coastal residents were potentially at high risk for respiratory and other acute health effects from exposure to crude oil and its derivatives, yet there was no surveillance system available to monitor these health effects.

June 10, 2019

Following the Signal: Use of Social Networking Systems, Hot Lines and Other Techniques for Anthrax and Rash Illness Risk Communication in Connecticut

The Connecticut Department of Public Health (DPH), like all public health agencies, is constantly challenged by new health threats and emerging diseases. A major responsibility of these agencies is the rapid and effective communication of information on emerging threats to members of the public who may be potentially exposed. This responsibility for effective risk communication is critical when the public perception of risk is high. The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and subsequent anthrax mail attacks (Amerithrax) resulted in a new era of public risk perception and concern.

July 30, 2018

Utilizing Emergency Department Data to Evaluate Primary Care Clinic Hours

In addition to utilizing syndromic surveillance data to respond to public health threats and prepare for major incidents, local health departments can utilize the data to examine patient volumes in the emergency departments (EDs) of local hospitals. The information obtained may be valuable to hospital and clinic administrators who are charged with allocating resources. 

July 30, 2018

Utilizing a Patient Tracking System for Public Health Emergencies

In 2003, the need for a system to track and manage patient status and location was identified by Boston Emergency Medical Services (Boston EMS) and the Conference of Boston Teaching Hospitals. After consultation with EMS (municipal, fire based, and private), hospital, local and state public health and emergency management stakeholders, a core group from Boston EMS and Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC) developed guidelines for a Metro Boston Patient Tracking System.

July 30, 2018

Services Oriented Architectures and Just in Time Deployment of Ad-Hoc Health Surveillance Systems: Lessons from Katrina Relief Efforts

Timely outbreak detection, and monitoring of morbidity and mortality among Katrina evacuees, and needs assessment for better planning and response were urgent information intensive priorities during Katrina relief efforts at Houston, and called for immediate deployment of a real-time surveillance and needs assessment system ad hoc, in order to collect and analyze relevant data at the scene. Initial requirement analysis revealed the following capabilities as essential to sustain effective response within the shelters:

July 30, 2018


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