Use of Earth Observation Data within Syndromic Surveillance Systems - August 2020 CSTE Disaster Epidemiology Subcommittee

On Wednesday, August 19, 2020, CSTE's Disaster Epidemiology Subcommittee hosted its monthly subcommittee call with a presentation on the use of earth observation data within syndromic surveillance systems. Call information and resources have been included below.

September 24, 2020

Impact assessment of mass gatherings using labelling procedure in ED, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, 2016

The massive flow of people to mass gathering events, such as festivals or sports events like EURO 2016, may increase public health risks. In the particular context of several terrorist attacks that took place in France in 2015, the French national Public Health agency has decided to strengthen the population health surveillance systems using the mandatory notification disease system and the French national syndromic surveillance SurSaUD®.

January 25, 2018

Use of Syndromic Data to Determine Oral Health Visit Burden on Emergency Departments

Concern over oral health-related ED visits stems from the increasing number of unemployed and uninsured, the cost burden of these visits, and the unavailability of indicated dental care in EDs [1]. Of particular interest to NC state public health planners are Medicaid-covered visits. Syndromic data in biosurveillance systems offer a means to quantify these visits overall and by county and age group.

Objective

July 06, 2018

Map application to the New York state electronic syndromic surveillance system

The primary goal of the Electronic Syndromic Surveillance system (ESSS) is to monitor trends in non-specific symptoms of illness at the community level in real time. The ESSS includes emergency department chief complaint data that are categorized into eight syndromes: respiratory, gastrointestinal, fever, asthma, neurological, rash, carbon monoxide, and hypothermia. Since the onset of H1N1, fever syndrome has been used to monitor flu activity. As H1N1 spread nationwide, the need of visualizing flu activity geographically became clear, and urgent.

Objective

June 24, 2019

Utilization of Florida poison control data and Emergency Department chief complaint data to identify clusters of carbon monoxide poisoning

The Florida Department of Health (FDOH) previously monitored Florida Poison Information Center (FPICN) data for timely detection of increases in carbon monoxide (CO) exposures before, during, and after hurricanes. Recent analyses have noted that CO poisonings have also increased with generator use and improper heating of homes during cold winter months in Florida. Similarly, increases in CO poisoning cases related to motor vehicles have been observed during summer months.

June 25, 2019

A Comparison of Electronic Emergency Department Visits and Data Collected Manually During a Field Exercise

To compare the completeness of emergency department (ED) visit and hospital admissions data collected electronically for syndromic surveillance and data collected manually for a field surveillance exercise.

July 30, 2018

A Comparison of Locally Developed Influenza-like Syndrome Definitions Using Electronic Emergency Department Data in Boston and New York City

To compare locally-developed influenza-like syndrome definitions (derived from emergency department (ED) chief complaints) when applied to data from two ISDS DiSTRIBuTE Project participants: Boston and New York City (NYC) [1].

July 30, 2018

Increasing the Return-on-Investment from Syndromic Surveillance: Putting the Systems to Work for Routine Local Health Department Activities

Since October 2004, the Indiana State Health Department and the Marion County Health Department have been developing and using a syndromic surveillance system based on emergency department admission data. The system currently receives standards-based HL7 emergency department visit data, including free-text chief complaints from 72 hospitals throughout the state. Fourteen of these hospitals are in Marion County, which serves the Indianapolis metropolitan region (population 865,000).

 

Objective

July 30, 2018

A Comparison of Chief Complaints and Emergency Department Reports for Identifying Patients with Acute Lower Respiratory Syndrome

Automated syndromic surveillance systems often classify patients into syndromic categories based on free-text chief complaints. Chief complaints (CC) demonstrate low to moderate sensitivity in identifying syndromic cases. Emergency Department (ED) reports promise more detailed clinical information that may increase sensitivity of detection. Objective: Compare classification of patients based on chief complaints against classification from clinical data described in ED reports for identifying patients with an acute lower respiratory syndrome.

July 30, 2018

A Comparison of Ambulatory Care and Emergency Department Encounters as Data Sources for Detection of Clusters of Lower Gastrointestinal Illness

We sought to compare ambulatory care (AC) and emergency department (ED) data for the detection of clusters of lower gastrointestinal illness, using AC and ED data and AC+ED data combined, from two geographically separate health plans participating in the National Bioterrorism Syndromic Surveillance Demonstration Program [1].

July 30, 2018

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