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Surveilling Non-Opioid Substance Use: Utilizing Multiple Data Sources in Marion County, Indiana


Cocaine, methamphetamine, and spice are addictive, non-opioid substances that negatively impact a person's health through direct and indirect means. Direct health concerns of non-opioid substance use include anxiety, paranoia, seizure, heart attack, stroke, and potentially death while indirect health concerns include the acquisition of disease and infections, particularly sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Substance users experience an increased risk of acquiring STIs since they may exchange sex for substances, use substances within a social setting that may lead to sexual activity, or engage in risky sexual behavior as a result of impaired judgement associated with substance use. The current study evaluated the use of multiple data sources to monitor changes in the rate of cocaine, methamphetamine, and spice related emergency department visits as well as cocaine- and methamphetamine-related death rates, within Marion County, Indiana between 2013 and 2017.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of non-opioid substance use ”including cocaine, methamphetamine and spice within Marion County, Indiana and propose response recommendations utilizing a current opioid response plan.

Submitted by elamb on