Welcome to the Surveillance Knowledge Repository

Click on a topic under the Key Topic Areas section in the left column, then select a resource  from the list of resources that appear for that topic. You may also search for specific topics by entering one or more keywords in the Search bar. You can filter the search results by Content Type, Year, or Author Name.


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Effective clinical and public health practice in the twenty-first century requires access to data from an increasing array of information systems. However, the quality of data in these systems can be poor or “unfit for use.” Therefore measuring and monitoring data quality is an essential... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The importance transmitting clinical information to public health for disease surveillance is well-documented. Conventional reporting processes require health care providers to complete paper-based notifiable condition reports which are transmitted by fax and mail to public health agencies.... Read more

Content type: Abstract

Communicable disease surveillance is a core Public Health function. Many diseases must be reported to state and federal agencies (1). To manage and adjudicate such cases, public health stakeholders gather various data elements. Since cases are identified in various healthcare settings, not all... Read more

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Disease surveillance is a core public health (PH) function. To manage and adjudicate cases of suspected notifiable disease, PH workers gather data elements about persons, clinical care, and providers from various clinical sources, including providers, laboratories, among others. Current... Read more

Content type: Abstract

There is growing interest in leveraging available health information exchange (HIE) infrastructures to improve public health surveillance (1). The Health Information Technology for Clinical and Economic Health Act and Meaningful Use criteria for electronic health record (EHR) systems are among... Read more

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Completeness of public health information is essential for the accurate assessment of community health progress and disease surveillance. Yet challenges persist with respect to the level of completeness that public health agencies receive in reports submitted by health care providers. Missing... Read more

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Health care processes consume increasing volumes of digital data. However, creating and leveraging high quality integrated health data is challenging because large-scale health data derives from systems where data is captured from varying workflows, yielding varying data quality, potentially... Read more

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Electronic laboratory reporting (ELR) was demonstrated just over a decade ago to be an effective method to improve the timeliness of reporting as well as the number of reports submitted to public health agencies. The quality of data (inc. completeness) in information systems across all... Read more

Content type: Abstract

The use of spatially-based methods and algorithms in epidemiology and surveillance presents privacy challenges for researchers and public health agencies. We describe a novel method for anonymizing individuals in public health datasets, by transposing their spatial locations through a process... Read more

Content type: Abstract

An increase in tuberculosis (TB) among homeless men residing in Marion County, Indiana was noticed in the summer of 2008. The Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) hosted screening events at homeless shelters in hopes of finding unidentified cases. To locate men who had a presumptive... Read more

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