Evaluation of Animal Rabies Surveillance System, Ekiti State, Nigeria, 2012-2017

Rabies is a zoonotic, neglected viral disease. Every 10 minutes, the world loses a life, especially children, to dog-mediated rabies. Yet it is 100% preventable. Africa, including Nigeria, has major share of the disease. Eradication of human rabies relies majorly on control of rabies in animals and this cannot be achieved without good surveillance system of the disease in animal, especially dogs. There is little or no information as to whether the surveillance system in Nigeria is effective.

June 18, 2019

Progress towards Companion Animal Zoonotic Disease Surveillance in the U.S. Army

Dogs, cats and other companion animals have played an integral role in many aspects of human life. Human and companion animal (CAs) interactions have a wide range of benefits to human health [1-3]. The threat of zoonotic transmission between CAs and humans is exacerbated by proximity (56% of dog owners and 62% of cat owners sleep with their animal next to them [4]) and the number of diseases CAs share with humans. Many of these highlighted zoonoses are spread by direct contact, and others are vector-transmitted (e.g., fleas, ticks, flies, and mosquitos).

June 18, 2019

Phylogenetic analysis of Ukrainian Bacillus anthracis strains from various sources

Anthrax is a widely spread zoonotic disease with natural transmissive cycle involving wildlife, livestock and humans [1]. It is caused by Bacillus anthracis, a highly pathogenic gram-positive, spore-producing bacterium, which poses a serious threat to public and animal health due to its mortality both for animals and for humans [2, 3, 4]. The ability of B. anthracis spores to remain viable in soils for decades enables their isolation from freely accessible environment [5].

June 18, 2019

Survey of Tick-borne-disease from Ornithodoros spp. in Uninhabited Islands of Korea.

Ticks and tick-borne diseases have been thought global important issues, because it's affect to animal and human health and are the cause of significant economic losses. The genus Ornithodoros spp., which is included in Family Argasidae, is usually associated with wild animals including seabirds and it was difficult to investigate because seabirds'™ nests are found in inaccessible uninhabited islands. However, Ornithodoros spp. has been known for the vector of many diseases including African swine fever.

June 18, 2019

Cost-effectiveness analysis of One Health surveillance strategies for rabies control

Rabies control programmes are being implemented across the Philippines, with a number of islands and provinces on track for the elimination of both human and dog rabies [1,2]. In spite of considerable progress in control programmes, costs of post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) remain high with bite incidence rapidly increasing every year. Indiscriminate PEP administration can strain healthcare budgets, and eventually redirect focus from essential mass dog vaccination campaigns.

June 18, 2019

Active Surveillance in the investigation and analysis of RVFin WesternandCentralUganda

Although in E. Africa RVF was initially detected and known to be a disease endermic in Kenya, the people in Uganda were still hesitating wether the disease is already in existence. Following its first detection in 2016 in Humans there was need to carry out an investigation in the hot spot areas of the human infection to get the real picture and to inform the policy makers for informed decisions. Rift Valley fiver is viral zoonotic disease which was investigated and reported in Uganda in 20101.

June 18, 2019

Biosurveillance study of Schmallenberg disease in Azerbaijan in 2012-2017

In 2012 - 2017 in Azerbaijan there was an unexpected increase of abortions in cattle and sheep that was unrelated to brucellosis or chlamydia infection. The first confirmed case of Schmallenberg disease was received from Beylagan district of Azerbaijan in October 2012. The import of cattle from Europe to Azerbaijan has commenced in 2012. Therefore, the surveillance study was launched to determine spread of infection among cattle and sheep and to monitor the situation in the country.

June 18, 2019

Use of slaughter condemnation data to detect cattle health events in near real-time

Data collected at livestock slaughter can be a useful source of non-specific health indicators including clinical signs, symptoms and proxy measures [1]. When monitored in near real-time, this data can enable the detection of both livestock and human health threats [1]. In the United States (US), the Federal Meat Inspection Act requires ante-mortem inspection of animals and post-mortem inspection of carcasses by veterinarians to ensure the meat product will be fit for human consumption [2].

June 18, 2019

C. burnetii Shedding Study In Domestic Animals in Georgia

Q fever is a zoonotic bacterial disease resulting from infection by Coxiella burnetii. Domestic ruminants (cattle, sheep, and goats) are considered the main reservoir for the pathogen, which can also infect humans. Q fever is poorly understood in Georgia and its prevalence is largely underestimated in both humans and animals. In Georgia Q fever laboratory diagnostic was started and implemented at the Laboratory of the Ministry of Georgia (LMA) within GG20 "Prevalence, Epidemiological Surveillance, and Laboratory Analysis of Coxiella burnetii in Georgia.

June 18, 2019

Organisation of local actors and data reporting in veterinary public health

Disease surveillance systems can be based on two components of surveillance: active surveillance in which the diseases are looked for on a regular basis in a defined population, and passive surveillance where the diseases are looked for whenever specific sanitary events are notified. The first type of surveillance is fundamental to detect clinically unexpressed infections and to estimate the prevalence of the disease in the global population.

June 18, 2019

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