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Hierarchical Filtering of ESSENCE for Routine, Distributed Disease Monitoring by the Veterans Health Administration


The VA has employed ESSENCE for health monitoring since 2006 [1]. Epidemiologists at the Office of Public Health (OPH) monitor the VA population at the national level. The system is also intended for facility-level monitoring to cover 152 medical centers, nearly 800 community-based outpatient clinics (CBOC), and other facilities serving all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories. For the entire set of facilities and current syndrome groupings, investigation of the full set of algorithmic alerts is impractical for the group of monitors using ESSENCE. Signals of interest may be masked by the nationwide alert burden. Customized querying features have been added to ESSENCE, but standardization and IP training are required to assure appropriate use.


The objective was to adapt and tailor the alerting methodology employed in the Electronic Surveillance System for Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE) used by Veterans Affairs (VA) for routine, efficient health surveillance by a small, VA headquarter medical epidemiology staff in addition to a nationwide group of infection preventionists (IPs) monitoring single facilities or facility groups.

Submitted by elamb on