Utilizing Syndromic Surveillance for Hurricane Irma-Related CO Poisonings in Florida

On September 10, 2017, Hurricane Irma made landfall in Florida. Over 90% of Florida counties reported power outages as of September 11. During power outages, CO poisonings often occur due to indoor use of fuel combustion sources (e.g., cooking, heating) or generators for electricity. CO poisoning is a reportable condition in Florida; health care providers and laboratories are required to report suspected cases to the Florida Department of Health (FDOH). In Florida, approximately 202 cases of CO poisoning are reported each year (three-year average from 2014 to 2016).

June 18, 2019

Poison center data for public health surveillance: Poison center and public health perspectives

Since 2008, poisoning is the leading cause of injury-related death in the United States; since 1980, the poisoning-related fatality rate in the United States (U.S.) has almost tripled. Many poison-related injuries and deaths are reported to regional PCs which receive about 2.4 million reports of human chemical and poison exposures annually. Federal, state, and local PH agencies often collaborate with PCs and use PC data for PH surveillance to identify poisoning-related health issues.

January 21, 2018

Utilization of Syndromic Surveillance to Identify Naled-Related Illness in Florida

Pesticide-related illness and injury is a reportable condition in Florida. In August and September 2016, aerial spraying for mosquito control was conducted in an effort to reduce the population of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in Miami-Dade County.1 Two areas Wynwood (in August) and Miami Beach (in September) were sprayed with naled. Naled is an organophosphate insecticide registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) which is applied via aerial ultra-low volume (ULV) spraying.

January 19, 2018

Use of data from poison centers for hazardous exposure and illness surveillance

United States federal, state and local public health often collaborate with poison centers (PCs) for hazardous exposure and illness surveillance. The primary goals of this collaboration are to improve public health surveillance for hazardous exposures and illnesses by identifying early markers of chemical incidents and to find cases of illness during an emerging public health incident in order to enhance situational awareness.

September 27, 2017

Enhancement of ESSENCE-based chemical surveillance by incorporation of real-time poison information center data

Florida Department of Health has developed a statewide syndromic surveillance system based on the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE). Authorized users can currently access data from the Florida Poison Information Center Network (FPICN), Emergency Room chief complaints, Florida reportable disease system (Merlin) and the Florida death records through ESSENCE under one portal. The purpose of this paper is to summarize efforts to enhance statewide real-time chemical surveillance by incorporating FPICN data into ESSENCE.

June 17, 2019

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