Developing, Evaluating, and Disseminating Definitions for Syndromic Surveillance in Public Health Practice: A Guidance Document

This document, released February 18, 2019, focuses on several key areas related to syndrome definition creation, including the basics behind a syndrome definition, steps to build a syndrome, evaluation of a new (or old) definition, and dissemination.

February 19, 2019

Identifying Persons Who Inject Drugs in Medical Examiner Data in Maricopa County, AZ

The rate of drug overdose deaths in the United States has increased steadily since 2000. Injection drug use, a practice associated with infectious disease transmission, has likely increased along with this upward trend in drug overdoses. Injection drug use surveillance is difficult to conduct at a public health department because there are no specific Internal Classification of Diseases codes to identify this risk behavior in hospital discharge or vital registration data.

June 18, 2019

Evaluation of an arboviral syndrome query used in Maricopa County, Arizona

Timely identification of arboviral disease is key to prevent transmission in the community, but traditional surveillance may take up to 14 days between specimen collection and health department notification. Arizona state and county health agencies began monitoring National Syndromic Surveillance Program BioSense 2.0 data for patients infected with West Nile virus (WNV), St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV), chikungunya, or dengue virus in August 2015. Zika virus was added in April 2016.

January 19, 2018

Maricopa County’s use of NSSP ESSENCE to detect cases during a hepatitis A outbreak

On 3/29/2017, the Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) received three reports of confirmed HAV infection from an onsite clinic at Campus A that assists individuals experiencing homelessness, a population at risk for HAV transmission. To identify the scope of the problem, the department initiated rapid HAV infection case detection using NSSP ESSENCE.

Objective:

January 19, 2018

Surveillance for Mass Gatherings: NCAA Final Four 2017 in Maricopa County, Arizona

Final Four-associated events culminated in four days of intense activity from March 31st through April 3rd, and added an estimated 400,000 visitors to Maricopa County's 4.2 million residents.

Objective:

To describe and present results for the enhanced epidemiologic surveillance system established during the 2017 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Men’s College Basketball Championship (Final Four) events.

January 21, 2018

Impact of the NSSP’s transition to ESSENCE on chief complaint field-based syndromes

In January 2017, the NSSP transitioned their BioSense analytical tools to Electronic Surveillance System for Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE). The chief complaint field in BioSense 2.0 was a concatenation of the record's chief complaint, admission reason, triage notes, and diagnostic impression. Following the transition to ESSENCE, the chief complaint field was comprised of the first chief complaint entered or the first admission reason, if the chief complaint was blank.

January 21, 2018

Syndromic Surveillance Climate and Health Guidance Document

In general, data from public health surveillance can be used for short- and long-term planning and response through retrospective data analysis of trends over time or specific events. Combining health outcome data (e.g., hospitalizations or deaths) with environmental and socio-demographic information also provides a more complete picture of most vulnerable populations. Using syndromic surveillance systems for climate and health surveillance offers the unique opportunity to help quantify and track in near-real time the burden of disease from climate and weather impacts.

September 19, 2017

Mass Gathering_Sporting Event - Maricopa County Department of Public Health

This syndrome was developed for enhanced surveillance during the National Collegiate Athletic Association Final Four games and related events in Maricopa County in 2017. In addition to the Final four games, Maricopa County hosted several related events including a multi day music festival and Fan Fest. The query was developed in NSSP ESSENCE using chief complaint terms for the events, venues, participating teams, and performing artists

October 26, 2017

Mass Gathering_Political Event - Maricopa County Deaprtment of Public Health

This syndrome was developed for enhanced surveillance during a 2017 U.S. President rally in Phoenix, Arizona. Terms were included based on events at previous rallies in other cities. The query was created using chief complaint field in NSSP ESSENCE.

October 26, 2017

Mass Gathering_Music Festival - Maricopa County Department of Public Health

This syndrome was developed for enhanced surveillance during the 2017 Lost Lake Music Festival in Phoenix, Arizona. The syndrome queries chief complaint terms related to the event, venue and performing artists.

October 26, 2017

Pages

Contact Us

NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org

 

This website is supported by Cooperative Agreement # 6NU38OT000297-02-01 Strengthening Public Health Systems and Services through National Partnerships to Improve and Protect the Nation's Health between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on private websites.

Site created by Fusani Applications