Evaluation of Syndromic Surveillance for Opioid Overdose Reporting in Illinois

Accuracy in identifying drug-related emergency department admissions is critical to understanding local burden of disease and assessing effectiveness of drug abuse prevention and overdose-reduction initiatives. In 2018 the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) began implementation of a mandatory opioid overdose reporting law, applicable to all hospital emergency departments (ED). The mandate requires reporting of patient demographics, causal substance and antagonist ED administration within 48 hours of presentation. This reporting is not name-based.

June 18, 2019

Evaluation of First Electronic Case Reports received in Illinois

Communicable disease reporting from providers can be a time-consuming process that results in delayed or incomplete reporting of infectious diseases, limiting public health's ability to respond quickly to prevent or control disease. The recent development of an HL7 standard for automated Electronic initial case reports (eICR) represents an important advancement for public health surveillance.

June 18, 2019

Using Syndromic Surveillance to Quantify ED Visits for Coagulopathy Cases

In March 2018, the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) was informed of a cluster of coagulopathy cases linked to SC use. By June 30, 2018, 172 cases were reported, including five deaths, where 74% were male and the mean age was 35.3 years (range: 18–65 years). All cases presented to an emergency department (ED) at least once for this illness. Ninety-four cases provided clinical specimens and all tested positive for brodifacoum, a long-acting anticoagulant used in rodenticide.

June 18, 2019

Data Sharing Among Three States in the BioSense Platform during the 2017 US Solar Eclipse

In 2016, the BioSense Platform for national syndromic surveillance made substantial enhancements including data processing changes, a national ESSENCE instance, and management tools to support diverse data sharing needs. On August 21, 2017, a total solar eclipse occurred over much of the United States. The event resulted in large gatherings over multiple days to areas in the Path of Totality (PoT). In the days leading up to the event, public health and emergency preparedness included syndromic surveillance in their monitoring plans.

January 25, 2018

Understanding Emergency Department Utilization Patterns in Illinois

Syndromic surveillance has been widely implemented for the collection of Emergency Department (ED) data. EDs may be the only option for seeking care in underserved areas, but they do not represent population-based measures. This analysis provides insight on health-seeking behaviors within the context of the type of care sought.

Objective:

To analyze differences in utilization of Emergency Departments for primary care sensitive conditions by facility and by patient ZIP code.

January 19, 2018

Extreme Weather Surveillance

Problem Summary

October 30, 2017

Mapping Laboratory Reports to Illinois’ Extensively Drug-Resistant Organism Registry

CRE are drug-resistant bacteria that have a mortality rate of up to 50% in those infected. Several clusters of CRE have been detected in Illinois, often in long-term acute care hospitals. In response, Illinois created the XDRO registry, a mandatory reporting system designed to aid inter-facility communication concerning CRE.

July 16, 2017

An R Script for Assessment of Data Quality in the BioSense Locker Database

Syndromic surveillance requires reliable, accurate, and complete healthcare encounter data to assess patterns of illness and respond to public health events. Illinois implemented syndromic surveillance statewide in response to Meaningful Use reporting objectives. To address the need for continuous, automated assessment following initial on-boarding of facility Emergency Department data, we developed an R script to assess the quality of data in the private BioSense locker database.

August 23, 2017

Biosense and Violence: Progress Toward Violence Prevention Using Syndromic Surveillance

Violence is now clearly recognized as a public health problem. Intentional injuries ranked among the top six leading causes of death for Illinois residents aged 1-44 in 2013. The Illinois Department of Public Health currently collects data on violent injuries and deaths from emergency medical services reports, death certificates, coroner/ medical examiner reports, law enforcement reports, and crime lab reports.

August 23, 2017

National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) BioSense Data Quality Workgroup

To provide community input on data quality issues and enhance data quality through sharing and testing of scripts.

Summary of activities:

The Data Quality workgroup has worked to address Data Quality issues through the development, sharing and testing of scripts. The Data Quality workgroup formed a DQ EHR-Vendor Concern Subcommittee to address issues across vendors nationwide. 

March 13, 2017

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Contact Us

NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org

 

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